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Table 4 Prevalence of health outcomes by fast food consumption among Chinese children (n = 1626)a

From: Fast food consumption and its associations with obesity and hypertension among children: results from the baseline data of the Childhood Obesity Study in China Mega-cities

Health outcomes Overweight (Including Obesity, %) Obesity (%) Central obesity (%) Hypertension (%)
FFC per week All Boy Girl All Boy Girl All Boy Girl All Boy Girl
1) Western FFC
 Ever consumed
  No 27.6 35.6 19.1 11.7 16.2 7.0 20.5 29.0 11.6 8.9 10.3 7.5
  Yes 24.9 32.6 17.1 10.7 14.6 6.8 19.1 26.5 11.7 9.3 8.5 10.0
   P-value 0.220 0.365 0.465 0.544 0.542 0.929 0.501 0.438 0.949 0.818 0.398 0.223
 Times
  0 27.6 35.6 19.1 11.7 16.2 7.0 20.5 29.0 11.6 8.9 10.3 7.5
  1–2 26.0 31.6 20.0 10.6 13.3 7.9 18.6 24.5 12.5 10.5 8.8 12.1
   ≥ 3 22.0 34.5 10.8 11.0 18.1 4.6 19.9 31.0 10.0 6.5 7.8 5.4
   P-value 0.219 0.545 0.059 0.828 0.396 0.482 0.705 0.290 0.762 0.192 0.667 0.038
2) Chinese FFC
 Ever consumed
  No 27.5 34.3 21.1 10.8 15.1 6.7 19.6 26.2 13.5 10.6 10.7 10.4
  Yes 24.8 34.1 14.2 11.8 15.7 7.4 20.2 29.5 9.6 7.1 7.6 6.5
   P-value 0.224 0.933 0.014 0.515 0.816 0.718 0.792 0.307 0.095 0.016 0.130 0.054
 Times
  0 27.5 34.3 21.1 10.8 15.1 6.7 19.6 26.2 13.5 10.6 10.7 10.4
  1–2 24.3 33.4 14.3 11.5 15.4 7.3 19.6 28.9 9.3 7.1 7.2 7.0
   ≥ 3 26.3 36.1 9.5 15.8 19.4 9.5 22.8 30.6 9.5 7.0 11.1 0.0
   P-value 0.382 0.932 0.034 0.489 0.784 0.863 0.838 0.652 0.206 0.060 0.247 0.091
  1. Abbreviations: FFC fast food consumption
  2. aColumn % was used for comparison; those bolded, P < 0.05