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Table 4 Fully adjusted prevalence ratios for health behaviors, health outcomes, and healthcare access and utilization indicators for sexual minorities compared to white heterosexuals across race/ethnicity among U.S. men, National Health Interview Survey, 2013–2015 (n = 28,460)

From: Health and healthcare disparities among U.S. women and men at the intersection of sexual orientation and race/ethnicity: a nationally representative cross-sectional study

  White sexual minority (reference: heterosexual white) PR (95% CI) Black sexual minority (reference: heterosexual white) PR (95% CI) Latino/Hispanic sexual minority (reference: heterosexual white) PR (95% CI)
Sample Size n = 759 n = 122 n = 187
Health Behaviors
 Smoking status (ref: never)
  Current 1.46 (1.24–1.73) 1.03 (0.61–1.74) 0.74 (0.49–1.10)
  Former 1.27 (1.09–1.47) 0.45 (0.24–0.84) 0.81 (0.50–1.31)
 Alcohol consumption (ref: never)
  Current 1.14 (1.10–1.18) 1.14 (1.01–1.29) 1.10 (1.00–1.21)
  Former 1.96 (1.39–2.78) 1.16 (0.63–2.13) 0.95 (0.32–2.80)
  Heavy drinking 1.11 (0.94–1.31) 1.21 (0.73–1.98) 0.65 (0.37–1.15)
  5+ drinks on at least 2 days 1.03 (0.91–1.16) 0.89 (0.59–1.34) 0.91 (0.66–1.24)
 Leisure-time physical activity (ref: high)
  Low 0.97 (0.85–1.10) 0.69 (0.45–1.07) 0.92 (0.67–1.26)
  Never/unable 1.15 (0.98–1.36) 1.05 (0.71–1.57) 1.16 (0.85–1.59)
 Sleep duration (ref: 7, 8 hours)
   < 7 h 1.10 (0.94–1.29) 1.21 (0.84–1.73) 1.51 (1.21–1.90)
   > 8 h 1.16 (0.83–1.62) 0.90 (0.42–1.90) 1.00 (0.56–1.82)
 Health Outcomes
  Overweight (yes) 0.90 (0.83–0.98) 0.89 (0.69–1.14) 0.85 (0.71–1.03)
  Obesity prevalence (yes) 0.97 (0.82–1.15) 1.01 (0.67–1.53) 0.97 (0.68–1.37)
  Hypertension (yes) 1.19 (1.04–1.38) 1.39 (0.97–2.00) 1.34 (0.95–1.88)
  Diabetes (yes) 0.87 (0.61–1.24) 1.43 (0.74–2.74) 1.61 (0.86–2.99)
  Cancer (yes) 1.70 (1.27–2.28) 1.07 (0.43–2.63) 0.52 (0.20–1.38)
  Heart disease (yes) 1.27 (0.97–1.66) 1.52 (0.77–3.00) 0.67 (0.37–1.22)
  Stroke (yes) 0.96 (0.50–1.84) 0.46 (0.10–2.08) 1.71 (0.67–4.41)
  Functional limitation (yes) 1.20 (1.05–1.37) 1.08 (0.74–1.58) 1.21 (0.84–1.72)
  Injury (3 months) 0.75 (0.48–1.18) 1.06 (0.33–3.43) 0.56 (0.23–1.38)
  Sadness (≥ mostly in past 30 days) 1.51 (0.82–2.80) 3.47 (1.52–7.95) 2.24 (0.89–5.66)
  Depressed (≥ weekly) 1.68 (1.21–2.33) 1.67 (0.70–4.00) 1.21 (0.68–2.14)
 Healthcare Access and Utilization
  Health insurance (no) 1.01 (0.76–1.33) 1.83 (1.35–2.46) 1.34 (0.79–2.26)
  Medicaid (yes) 0.81 (0.49–1.36) 0.88 (0.50–1.55) 0.91 (0.37–2.24)
  Usual healthcare place (yes) 1.07 (1.03–1.11) 0.99 (0.84–1.16) 1.10 (1.02–1.19)
  Delay in healthcare because of Costs (yes) 1.42 (1.12–1.80) 1.25 (0.74–2.13) 1.06 (0.65–1.73)
  HPV vaccine (yes) 2.33 (1.50–3.62) 2.14 (0.92–4.94) 2.32 (1.28–4.21)
  HIV test (yes) 2.41 (2.24 - 2.59) 2.72 (2.31–3.21) 2.48 (2.26–2.72)
  1. The boldfaced entries that appear to be non-significant may be the ones with 1.00 as a confidence interval bound. These entries are boldfaced because all entries in the tables were rounded for conciseness, but without rounding, the boldfaced CIs were significant (e.g., CI:[1.004, 2])