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Table 6 Prospective association between indicators of well-being at baseline and the Healthy Dietary Adherence Score at follow-up across weight groups

From: Bidirectional associations between psychosocial well-being and adherence to healthy dietary guidelines in European children: prospective findings from the IDEFICS study

   HDAS (higher adherence)
  Weight group OR 95% CI
KINDL® Better self-esteem I 1.1 1.0–1.3
II 1.2 0.9–1.4
Good parent relations I 1.0 0.9–1.2
II 1.1 0.9–1.4
SDQ No detectable emotional problems I 1.2 1.0–1.4
II 1.2 0.9–1.6
No detectable peer problems I 0.9 0.8–1.0
II 1.2 0.9–1.6
  1. P-value obtained using a multilevel model correcting for cluster design (country)
  2. Weight group: I = normal weight including thin, n = 5597, II = overweight including obese, n = 1599
  3. Model adjusted for: age, sex, BMI z-score, diet at baseline, and highest parental education and income
  4. HDAS Healthy Dietary Adherence Score; OR Odds ratio; SDQ Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire