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Table 4 Covariance analysis and multivariable logistic regression analysis showing the association between dilemma toward choice of meat, fish and dairy products and nutritional intake, adherence to food group guidelines and dietary quality (mPNNS-GS) (N = 22,935, Nutrinet-Santé study, 2013)1

From: Dilemma between health and environmental motives when purchasing animal food products: sociodemographic and nutritional characteristics of consumers

  Intake (g/day) Adherence to food group guidelines Dietary quality (mPNNS-GS)2,3
Mean ± SD P 4,5 OR (95% CI) P 6,7 Mean ± SD P 4,8,9
Meat No dilemma 72.6 ± 51.8 <0.0001 16 0.0002 7.6 ± 1.6 <0.0001
Dilemma 60.3 ± 46.5 0.83 (0.76–0.92) 8.0 ± 1.6
Fish No dilemma 43.8 ± 45.1 <0.0001 110 0.48 7.7 ± 1.6 0.0048
Dilemma 41.6 ± 42.3 0.97 (0.88–1.07) 7.8 ± 1.6
Dairy products No dilemma 193.8 ± 150.7 0.045 111 0.41 7.6 ± 1.6 <0.0001
Dilemma 181.1 ± 144.8 1.07 (0.91–1.27) 8.1 ± 1.6
  1. 1All analyses are adjusted for, sex, age, education level, income, smoking status, physical activity, BMI and energy intake
  2. 2Analyses are performed on a subsample of individuals (N = 17,685) for whom mPNNS-GS score could be assessed
  3. 3mPNNS-GS has a range of 0–13.5 points, with a higher score indicating a better overall diet quality
  4. 4P values are based on ANCOVA analyses
  5. 5Explained variance (r2) in the models were 0.073 for meat, 0.033 for fish and 0.024 for dairy products
  6. 6P values are based on multivariable logistic regression analyses
  7. 7Explained variance (r2) in the models were 0.010 for meat, 0.055 for fish and 0.027 for dairy products
  8. 8Since there are no dietary guidelines available for meat, guidelines for meat/fish/eggs are considered in these analyses. Adherence to dietary guidelines for meat/fish/eggs corresponds to an intake of 1–2 servings/day
  9. 9Explained variance (r2) in the models were 0.14 for meat, 0.13 for fish and 0.13 for dairy products
  10. 10Adherence to dietary guidelines for fish corresponds to an intake of fish ≥2 servings/week
  11. 11Adherence to dietary guidelines for dairy products corresponds to an intake between 2.5–3.5 servings/day (individuals <55 years) and between 2.5–4.5 servings/day (individuals ≥55 years)