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Table 1 Participant descriptive characteristics and differences by sex

From: Adherence to 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years and associations with social-cognitive development among Australian preschool children

  Total Sample (n = 248) Boys (n = 141) Girls (n = 107) p
Age (M, SD) 4.2 ± 0.6 4.4 ± 0.7 4.0 ± 0.6 <0.001
SES (IRSAD) (M, SD) 1020 ± 61 1025 ± 62 1013 ± 58 0.13
Vocabulary score (M, SD) 27.2 ± 6.5 27.6 ± 6.5 26.6 ± 6.5 0.23
Movement behaviours
 Physical activity – TPA (min/d) (M, SD) 373.3 ± 71.3# 376.7 ± 70.5 368.8 ± 72.3 0.39
 Physical activity – MVPA (min/d) (M, SD) 102.5 ± 33.9# 108.9 ± 36.0 94.1 ± 29.0 <0.001
 Screen time (min/d) (M, SD) 139.8 ± 83.4 144.3 ± 86.0 134.0 ± 79.8 0.34
 Sleep (hrs/d) (M, SD) 10.5 ± 1.0 10.5 ± 1.0 10.5 ± 1.0 0.81
Social Cognition
 TEC* (M, SD) 9.56 ± 2.87 9.78 ± 2.84 9.25 ± 2.89 0.17
 ToM (M, SD) 2.30 ± 1.08 2.33 ± 1.06 2.23 ± 1.08 0.56
  1. IRSAD Index of relative socio-economic advantage and disadvantage, M mean, MVPA moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity, SD standard deviation, SES socio-economic status, TEC Test of Emotion Comprehension, ToM Theory of Mind, TPA total physical activity
  2. *n = 243; boys = 139, girls = 104. #Out of 740.6 ± 120.9 min/day of valid wear time