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Table 2 Associations between meeting the combinations of the 24-Hour Movement Guidelines and adiposity among toddlers (n = 134)

From: Meeting new Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years and associations with adiposity among toddlers living in Edmonton, Canada

Meeting recommendations BMI z-score
Unadjusted B (95% CI) Adjusted B (95% CI)
Specific combinations of movement behaviours
Physical activity + screen time + sleep
 Not met Reference Reference
 Met 0.268 (−0.375, 0.910) 0.198 (−0.468, 0.863)
At least physical activity + screen time
 Not met Reference Reference
 Met 0.181 (−0.400, 0.762) 0.047 (−0.559, 0.653)
At least physical activity + sleep
 Not met Reference Reference
 Met 0.130 (−0.399, 0.659) 0.230 (−0.316, 0.776)
At least screen time + sleep
 Not met Reference Reference
 Met 0.268 (−0.375, 0.910) 0.198 (−0.468, 0.863)
At least physical activity
 Not met Reference Reference
 Met 0.919 (−1.434, 3.272) 0.391 (−2.064, 2.846)
At least screen time
 Not met Reference Reference
 Met 0.181 (−0.400, 0.762) 0.047 (−0.559, 0.653)
At least sleep
 Not met Reference Reference
 Met 0.087 (−0.451, 0.625) 0.222 (−0.339, 0.783)
General combinations of movement behaviours
All three Reference Reference
Two out of three −0.254 (−0.905, 0.398) −0.175 (−0.851, 0.502)
One out of three −0.335 (−1.139, 0.468) −0.302 (−1.126, 0.522)
None NA NA
  1. B (95% CI): unstandardized beta coefficients (95% confidence intervals)
  2. BMI z-scores were calculated according to the World Health Organization (WHO) growth standards
  3. Adjusted analyses included toddlers’ age, sex, race/ethnicity, household income and main type of child care as covariates
  4. Meeting the recommendations is defined as ≥180 min of physical activity at varying intensities; no screen time for <2-year-olds or ≤1 h for ≥2-year-olds; and 11–14 h of sleep/day including nap during daytime