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Table 5 Risk of deatha by patterns of sport (n = 2834) and active travel pattern (n = 2829) adjusted for age, sex and education

From: Physical activity, obesity and mortality: does pattern of physical activity have stronger epidemiological associations?

   Adjusted hazard ratios (95% CI) Adjusted subhazard ratios (95% CI)
PA measure   All-cause mortality CVD deaths CHD deaths
(668 deaths) (290 deaths) (125 deaths)
Sport time1 (1982/3) Nonec 1.0 1.0 1.0
Any 0.79 (0.66, 0.95)* 0.50 (0.36, 0.69)** 0.44 (0.26, 0.74)** .
Sport time2 (1988) Nonec 1.0 1.0 1.0
Any 0.66 (0.55, 0.79)** 0.57 (0.43, 0.77)** 0.51 (0.32, 0.83)**
Sport pattern No sport at time1 & time2c 1.0 1.0 1.0
Mixed sport reported once 0.80 (0.67, 0.97)* 0.78 (0.56, 1.04) 0.74 (0.47, 1.15)
Sport maintainers at time1 & time2 0.62 (0.49, 0.79)** 0.33 (0.20, 0.53)** 0.25 (0.11, 0.58)**
  All-cause mortality CVD deaths CHD deaths
(664 deaths) (291 deaths) (125 deaths)
Active travel time1b (1982/3) 40+ minsc 1.0 1.0 1.0
20–39 min 0.96 (0.80, 1.16) 0.97 (0.73, 1.29) 0.88 (0.57, 1.37)
0–19 min 1.11 (0.92, 1.34) 1.13 (0.85, 1.50) 0.75 (0.47, 1.19)
Active travel time2b (1988) 40+ minsc 1.0 1.0 1.0
20–39 min 1.09 (0.89, 1.32) 0.98 (0.72, 1.32) 1.06 (0.67, 1.66)
0–19 min 1.44 (1.17, 1.78)** 1.19 (0.86, 1.63) 1.07 (0.65, 1.77)
Active travel patternb 40+ mins maintainersc 1.0 1.0 1.0
Mixed pattern 1.06 (0.90, 1.25) 1.01 (0.79, 1.29) 0.95 (0.66, 1.37)
0–19 min maintainers 1.42 (1.07, 1.88)* 1.30 (0.85, 1.97) 1.10 (0.58, 2.11)
  1. Excludes those with baseline reported CVD
  2. For active travel, reference category was 40+ mins, given the small numbers in the low active travel (0–19 min maintainers) category
  3. Reference category
  4. *p ≤ 0.05 **p ≤ 0.01