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Table 1 Patterns of physical activity, sport, active travel and weight over time (confined to matched samples)

From: Physical activity, obesity and mortality: does pattern of physical activity have stronger epidemiological associations?

Measure 1983 1988 1994 Patterns of activity or weight change
Time 1 Time 2 Time 3
PA in leisure timea % % % %
Level 1 None 23.7 22.8 20.8  
Level 2 Moderate <4 h 53.7 57.9 56.9  
Level 3 Mod or strenuous >4 h 22.6 19.3 22.3  
PA patterna Inactive/low maintainers     11.6
Mixed pattern     69.4
Active maintainers     19.0
Sport participationb % reporting nil 68.3 67.8   
% reporting any 31.7 32.2
Sport participation patternb No sport at time1 & time2     55.1
Mixed sport reported once     25.9
Sport both times     19.0
Active travel Walk/bikec <20 mins/d 21.7 15.8   
20–39 min/d 26.7 25.2
40+ mins/d 51.6 59.1
Active travel patternc <20mins both times     7.5
Mixed pattern     55.2
>40 mins both times     37.3
BMI (μ, sd)a 24.4 (3.7) 25.1 (3.9) 25.9 (4.1)  
BMI change time 1 to time 3 μ (sd)a     1.5 (2.2)
Percent BMI change time 1 to time 3 μ (sd)a     6.3% (9.0)
Mean waist circumference female/male in cma (sd) 78.4/91.4 (12.1) 81.1/93.7 (12.4) 2.8/2.3 (6.1)d
Hip circumference female/male in cm (sd)a 98.1/98.5 (7.3) 99.3/99.3 (8.0) 1.3/0.80 (3.9)d
  1. aMatched data based on n = 2509 with a value for PA time 3 (2388 (95.2%) had data at all three time points)
  2. bMatched data based on n = 2966 with a value for sport time 1 and time 2
  3. cMatched data based on n = 2960 with a value for walk/bike time 1 and time 2
  4. dChange from time 2 to time 3 as not collected at time 1