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Table 2 Prevalence and Risk ratios of depressive symptoms according to individual chronic disease

From: The relationship between multiple chronic diseases and depressive symptoms among middle-aged and elderly populations: results of a 2009 korean community health survey of 156,747 participants

  40-59 yr ≥60 yr
(No. participants = 88,749) (No. participants = 67,998)
Prevalence (%) Adjusted 95% CLb CES-D-Kc Prevalence (%) Adjusted 95% CLb CES-D-Kc
risk ratioa Median IQR p d risk ratioa Median IQR p d
Diabetes Yes 15.33 1.362 1.25-1.49 4 1-10 <0.001 21.18 1.21 1.14-1.28 6 2-14 <0.001
No 9.21    3 0-8 16.63    5 2-11
Dyslipidemia Yes 13.4 1.274 1.18-1.38 4 1-9 <0.001 18.91 1.026 0.96-1.11 6 2-13 <0.001
No 9.26    3 0-8 17.16    5 2-12
Hypertension Yes 12.1 1.066 0.99-1.14 3 1-9 <0.001 19.26 0.956 0.92-1.00 6 2-13 <0.001
No 9.12    3 0-8 15.83    5 1-11
Angina Yes 22.41 1.725 1.43-2.08 5 1-14 <0.001 26.13 1.386 1.25-1.53 7 3-16 <0.001
No 9.47    3 1-8 16.99    5 2-12
Myocardial infarction Yes 23.21 1.695 1.35-2.12 6 2-14 <0.001 27.53 1.555 1.39-1.74 7 2-17 <0.001
No 9.5    3 1-8 17.02    5 2-12
Stroke Yes 31.21 2.336 1.98-2.75 8 3-18 <0.001 34.59 2.408 2.23-2.60 10 4-20 <0.001
No 9.38    3 1-8 16.28    5 2-11
Osteoporosis Yes 20.91 1.599 1.44-1.78 6 2-14 <0.001 26.47 1.328 1.26-1.40 8 3-16 <0.001
No 9.22    3 0-8 15.31    5 1-11
Arthritis Yes 18.89 1.605 1.49-1.73 5 2-12 <0.001 24.47 1.382 1.32-1.45 7 3-15 <0.001
No 8.77    3 0-7 14.18    4 1-10
Tuberculosis Yes 15.87 1.542 1.36-1.75 4 1-11 <0.001 20.89 1.285 1.15-1.43 6 2-14 <0.001
No 9.44    3 1-8 17.19    5 2-12
Asthma Yes 20.65 1.638 1.41-1.91 5 1-13 <0.001 27.27 1.417 1.30-1.54 8 3-17 <0.001
No 9.44    3 1-8 16.82    5 2-12
Hepatitis B Yes 13.36 1.434 1.25-1.64 4 1-10 <0.001 18.99 1.297 1.10-1.53 5 2-13 <0.001
No 9.5    3 1-8 17.3    5 2-12
Atopic dermatitis Yes 18.82 1.801 1.54-2.10 5 1-12 <0.001 26.83 1.525 1.31-1.78 8 2-16 <0.001
No 9.46    3 1-8 17.18    5 2-12
Allergic rhinitis Yes 12.62 1.348 1.25-1.46 4 1-9 <0.001 22.72 1.378 1.24-1.53 6 2-14 <0.001
No 9.33    3 0-8 17.11    5 2-12
Cataract Yes 16.2 1.28 1.11-1.47 4 1-11 <0.001 23.33 1.103 1.05-1.16 7 3-15 <0.001
No 9.46    3 1-8 15.74    5 1-11
  1. aMultivariate logistic regression model adjusted for age (continuous variable), gender, marital status, employment, occupational categories, education, income, residence location and each disease
  2. b95% CL; 95% confidence limits
  3. cCES-D-K; Korean version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression
  4. dP-values were obtained using Student’s t-test with the CES-D-K scores transformed by natural logarithm
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