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Table 1 Sample characteristics by type of informal caregiving

From: Association of informal caregiving with body mass index and frequency of sporting activities: evidence of a population-based study in Germany

  Help around house (N = 1378) Looking after someone (N = 1379) Nursing care services (N = 1380) Any other help (N = 1378) Missings
yes (n = 897) no (n = 481) p-value yes (n = 1147) no (n = 232) p-value yes (n = 385) no (n = 995) p-value yes (n = 935) no (n = 443) p-value
N/Mean %/SD N/Mean %/SD t-test/chi2 N/Mean %/SD N/Mean %/SD t-test/chi2 N/Mean %/SD N/Mean %/SD t-test/chi2 N/Mean %/SD N/Mean %/SD t-test/chi2
Sex: female 557 62.1% 272 56.6% .045 702 61.2% 128 55.2% .087 264 68.6% 565 56.8% <.001 565 30.4% 263 59.4% .707 0.0%
Age in years 62.5 10.5 65.1 9.9 <.001 63.4 10.2 63.5 11.0 .878 64.7 10.7 63.0 10.2 .006 63.1 10.2 64.1 10.6 .098 0.0%
Marital status:
 - married and living  together with spouse 678 75.6% 346 72.2% .225 856 77.8% 168 72.4% .421 304 78.9% 721 72.6% .045 713 76.4% 311 70.2% .180 0.1%
 - married and not living  together with spouse 19 2.1% 11 2.3%   27 2.4% 3 1.3%   11 2.9% 19 1.9%   19 2.0% 11 2.5%   
 - divorced 75 8.4% 45 9.4%   101 8.8% 20 8.6%   23 5.9% 97 9.7%   74 7.9% 47 10.6%   
 - widowed 59 6.6% 47 9.8%   81 7.1% 24 10.3%   26 6.8% 80 8.1%   66 7.1% 39 8.8%   
 - single 66 7.4% 30 6.3%   80 6.9% 17 7.3%   21 5.5% 76 7.7%   61 6.5% 35 7.9%   
Monthly net equivalent income in Euro 1947.9 1406.1 2226.8 1517.7 <.001 2068.5 1534.5 1934.8 929.9 .214 1832.8 1364.9 2128.9 1475.0 <.001 2017.8 1366.0 2101.8 1613.6 .329 5.6%
Number of physical illnesses 2.7 1.9 2.4 1.7 .002 2.6 1.8 2.5 1.9 .904 2.7 1.9 2.5 1.8 .042 2.6 1.8 1.4 1.8 .109 1.9%
Occupational status:
 - employed 384 42.9% 161 33.5% <.001 455 39.6% 91 39.4% .245 125 32.5% 420 42.3% .044 378 40.5% 167 37.7% .306 0.3%
 - retired 408 45.5% 276 57.4%   562 49% 122 52.8%   212 55.1% 474 47.7%   451 48.3% 233 52.6%   
 - other 104 11.6% 44 9.2%   130 11.3% 18 7.8%   48 12.5% 100 10.15   105 11.2% 43 9.7%   
Body mass index 26.97 4.59 26.49 4.28 .061 26.8 4.6 26.7 4.2 .623 27.3 4.6 26.6 4.4 .022 26.8 4.6 26.7 4.3 .620 1.7%
Frequency of sports activities:
 - everyday 73 8.1% 52 10.8% .001 103 9.0% 22 9.5% .721 30 7.8% 95 9.6% <.001 86 9,2% 39 8.8% .791 0.0%
 - several times a week 237 26.4% 158 32.9%   327 28.5% 70 30.2%   86 22.3% 310 31.2%   260 27.8% 136 30.7%   
 - once a week 175 19.5% 92 19.1%   216 18.8% 51 22.0%   75 19.5% 192 19.3%   180 19.3% 88 19.9%   
 - 1 to 3 times a month 77 8.6% 38 7.9%   97 8.5% 18 7.8%   25 6.5% 90 9.1%   83 8.9% 31 7.0%   
 - less common 101 11.3% 61 12.7%   140 12.2% 22 9.5%   38 10.0% 124 12.5%   111 11.9% 51 11.5%   
 - never 237 26.1% 80 16.6%   264 23.0% 49 21.1%   131 34.0% 184 18.5%   215 23.0% 98 22.1%