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Table 4 Univariate analysis of demographic variables among hypertensive participants (Stage 1 and 2)

From: Dietary pattern and other lifestyle factors as potential contributors to hypertension prevalence in Arusha City, Tanzania: a population-based descriptive study

Variable Hypertensive (Stage 1 and 2) n (%) P value
Gender
 Male 111 (47.6) 0.22
 Female 134 (42.4)
Age (Years)
 18–34 46 (26.3) 0.000
 35–44 82 (43.2)
 45–54 56 (57.7)
 55–79 61 (70.1)
Education level
 Up to primary level 45 (57.7) 0.042
 Secondary level 190 (42.6)
 College and higher levels 10 (40)
Employment status
 Employed (private and government) 21 (35) 0.024
 Self employed 221 (46.7)
 Students 3 (18.8)
Marital status
 Married/cohabiting 162 (45.5) 0.057
 Single 51 (37.5)
 Separated/divorced 16 (61.5)
 Widowed 16 (59.3)
BMI status
 Underweight 5 (23.8) 0.005
 Normal 94 (38.5)
 Overweight 78 (50.0)
 Obese 68 (53.1)
Healthy Dietary Pattern
 Yes 184 (42) 0.01
 No 61 (55)
Western Dietary Pattern
 Yes 177 (44.7) 0.518
 No 68 (44.4)
Complex Carbohydrate Dietary Pattern
 Yes 195 (44.1) 0.352
 No 50 (46.7)
Vigorous physical activities
 Met criteria 39 (36.4) 0.058
 Didn’t meet criteria 206 (46.6)
Moderate physical activities
 Met criteria 133 (41.7) 0.103
 Didn’t meet criteria 112 (48.7)
Total physical activities
 Met criteria 143 (42.3) 0.167
 Didn’t meet criteria 102 (48.3)
Alcohol intake last year
 Yes 127 (48.5) 0.083
 No 118 (41.1)
Current smokers
 Yes 34 (50) 0.341
 No 211 (43.9)
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