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Table 3 Univariate associations between characteristics of both cancer and heart attack survivors (≤ 5 years after diagnosis or attack) and their interaction, and employment status (not at work; at work) at two-year follow-up

From: Cancer and heart attack survivors’ expectations of employment status: results from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

Characteristics (Ch) Employment status at two-year follow-up (not at work; at work)
Cancer (at work; N = 159)* Heart attack (at work; N = 78)* P-value Ch x group †
OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value  
Gender
 Female 1.36 (0.60–3.08) 0.466 0.17 (0.02–1.36) 0.094 0.066
 Male Ref.   Ref.   
Age
 > 55 and ≤65 yrs 0.56 (0.23–1.39) 0.213 1.29 (0.32–5.22) 0.717 0.326
 ≤ 55 yrs Ref.   Ref.   
Current smokera
 No 1.31 (0.28–6.14) 0.730 1.70 (0.24–12.17) 0.597 0.970
 Yes Ref.   Ref.   
Alcohol (last 12 months)
 Twice or more a day n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
 (Almost) daily 1.95 (0.37–10.31) 0.432    
 Once or twice a week 2.81 (0.55–14.31) 0.213    
 Once or twice a month 9.75 (0.78–121.84) 0.077    
 Special occasions only 2.63 (0.41–16.94) 0.310    
 Not at all Ref.     
Moderate or vigorous sport activities
 Yes 2.73 (1.00–7.48) 0.051 0.79 (0.15–4.25) 0.785 0.216
 No Ref.   Ref.   
General health
 Very good Ref.   Ref.   
 Good 1.94 (0.59–6.39) 0.274 1.29 (0.19–8.67) 0.796 0.719
 Fair 0.44 (0.15–1.29) 0.134 2.29 (0.32–16.51) 0.413 0.151
 Bad 0.39 (0.09–1.77) 0.221 0.29 (0.01–6.91) 0.441 0.864
 Very bad n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
GHQ (range 0–36) 0.93 (0.83–1.04) 0.194 1.44 (1.01–2.04) 0.042 0.020
Participation
 5–8 2.04 (0.83–4.98) 0.119 0.39 (0.05–3.38) 0.395 0.166
 1–4 Ref.   Ref.   
CES-D 8
 ≥ 3 1.03 (0.31–3.41) 0.956 0.38 (0.03–4.59) 0.443 0.474
 < 3 Ref.   Ref.   
Quality of life (CASP19)
- Control (range 0–12) 1.01 (0.86–1.19) 0.878 1.01 (0.73–1.37) 0.994 0.949
- Autonomy (range 0–15) 1.08 (0.93–1.27) 0.309 1.03 (0.78–1.35) 0.859 0.727
- Self-realisation (range 0–15) 1.09 (0.93–1.28) 0.274 1.01 (0.80–1.28) 0.921 0.596
- Pleasure (range 0–15) 0.97 (0.80–1.19) 0.800 0.82 (0.55–1.22) 0.328 0.449
Job satisfaction (range 4–48) 1.02 (0.93–1.12) 0.646 0.83 (0.60–1.14) 0.245 0.213
Expectation of being at work after certain ageb
 50–100% 1.12 (0.48–2.67) 0.805 3.81 (0.88–16.53) 0.074 0.159
 0 – ≤ 50% Ref.   Ref.
  1. *Missing values were imputed with the mean of the other cases; †P-value of interaction between characteristic and diagnose group (cancer/heart attack), cut-off for p-values 0.10 aOnly persons who have ever smoked were included; bOnly women ≤59 and men ≤64 are included