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Table 5 Proportions (%) of minersa in employment by 5-year period and province or country of origin, 1973–2012

From: Public health implications of changing patterns of recruitment into the South African mining industry, 1973–2012: a database analysis

  1973–1977 1978–1982 1983–1987 1988–1992 1993–1997 1998–2002 2003–2007 2008–2012
Total 173,260 292,772 840,736 873,531 783,842 500,252 524,646 569,813
Province of South Africa
Eastern Cape 26.07 30.86 29.36 23.54 22.44 18.5 19.83 20.2
Northwest 5.52 7.22 10.08 10.41 9.63 9.48 15.29 19.62
Gauteng 4.44 5.09 5.27 9.69 13.29 13.57 13.62 13.73
Limpopo 2.38 3.17 4.12 5.25 4.53 3.1 4.47 6.07
Free State 4.45 5.29 8.12 8.56 8.78 7.81 8.35 8.53
KZN 2.99 4.97 7.97 8.69 7.41 4.49 3.8 3.81
Mpumalanga 0.34 0.52 0.82 1.6 1.24 1.01 2 2.52
Western Cape 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.05 0.09
Northern Cape 0.12 0.16 0.26 0.24 0.21 0.25 0.55 0.9
Other country
Lesotho 26.89 21.76 15.17 15.15 15.65 18.71 14.35 11.13
Mozambique 16.57 11.37 9.34 9.14 12.19 17.81 14.22 10.82
Swaziland 2.42 2.52 2.78 2.78 2.6 3.01 2.22 1.65
Botswana 5.09 4.33 3.09 2.55 2 2.23 1.24 0.84
Malawi 2.54 2.51 3.53 2.39 0.01 0.01 0 0
  1. aAn individual miner cannot be counted more than once in a given period, but may be counted in more than one period
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