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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the study population in Astana region, Kazakhstan

From: Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of dyslipidemia in older persons in urban and rural population in the Astana region, Kazakhstan

Variable name Astana city (urban) Akmol village (rural) Both
Total number of participants N = 480 N = 474 N = 954
Sex, (%)
 Males 45.8% 41.4% 43.6%
 Females 54.2% 58.7% 56.4%
Age mean, (SD) 61.2 (7.3) 60.3 (7.3) 60.7 (7.3)
Total cholesterol (mmol/l), mean (SD) 5.89 (1.51) 5.44 (1.09) 5.67 (1.34)
LDL-C (mmol/l), mean (SD) 3.71 (0.97) 3.52 (0.96) 3.62 (0.97)
HDL-C (mmol/l), mean (SD) 1.30 (0.36) 1.46 (0.40) 1.38 (0.39)
TG (mmol/l), mean (SD) 1.66 (1.08) 1.52 (1.04) 1.59 (1.06)
Diabetes prevalence, (%) 16.3% 8.7% 12.5%
Arterial Hypertension prevalence, (%) 70.3% 74.1% 72.2%
BMI, mean (SD) 29.8 (4.9) 29.2 (5.3) 29.5 (5.1)
BMI categories, (%)
 18.50 - 24.99 (normal) 13.4% 20.3% 16.8%
 25.00 - 29.99 (pre-obese) 40.6% 37.9% 39.3%
 Over 30 (obese) 46.0% 41.7% 43.9%
Waist–hip ratio, (%)
≥0.9 in men and ≥0.85 in women
81.7% 61.7% 71.7%
Smoking status
 Current smoker 17.4% 13.9% 15.6%
 Ex-smoker 21.6% 16.5% 19.0%
 Non-smoker 61.0% 69.7% 65.3%
Marital status, (%)
 Married 73.1% 73.7% 73.4%
 Unmarried 26.9% 26.3% 26.6%
Education, (%)
 1 Primary 36.3% 39.2% 37.7%
 2 Secondary 21.3% 45.3% 33.2%
 3 Higher 42.5% 15.5% 29.2%
Car ownership, (%)
 No 38.8% 50.9% 44.8%
 Yes 61.2% 49.1% 55.2%
Ethnicity, (%)
 Kazakhs 57.5% 58.4% 58.0%
 Russians 26.0% 27.2% 26.6%
 Others 16.5% 14.4% 15.4%
Deprivation level, (%)
 high level of deprivation 26.9% 26.2% 26.6%
 Intermediate level of deprivation 29.4% 33.8% 31.6%
 low level of deprivation 43.6% 40.0% 41.8%