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Table 3 Association between individual behaviors, parent influences, and home environment factors and overweight/obesity and WHtR ≥ 0.5 in adolescents (n = 3671)

From: Associations between childhood overweight, obesity, abdominal obesity and obesogenic behaviors and practices in Australian homes

  Overweight/obese WHtR ≥ 0.5
Adolescent behaviors OR (95% CI) P value AORa (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value AORa (95% CI) P value
Does eat breakfast daily 1.0     1.0   1.0  
Do not eat breakfast daily 1.51 (1.25, 1.83) 0.001 1.42 (1.16, 1.74) 0.001 1.42 (1.15, 1.77) 0.001 1.37 (1.09, 1.73) 0.007
Eats dinner in front of TV <5/week 1.0     1.0   1.0  
Eats dinner in front of TV ≥5/week 1.08 (0.88, 1.34) 0.464 1.02 (0.83, 1.27) 0.839 1.18 (0.89, 1.56) 0.234 1.06 (0.79, 1.43) 0.69
Eats fast food less than once/week 1.0     1.0   1.0  
Eats fast food ≥1/week 0.96 (0.78, 1.19) 0.742 0.88 (0.71, 1.09) 0.228 1.08 (0.83, 1.40) 0.558 0.93 (0.72, 1.34) 0.962
Use e-devices during sleep time (never/sometimes) 1.0     1.0   1.0  
Use e-devices during sleep time (usually) 1.29 (1.04, 1.59) 0.021 1.30 (1.04, 1.63) 0.022 1.14 (0.86, 1.51) 0.358 1.20 (0.86, 1.67) 0.272
Parent practices
 Rules on snacking in the home 1.0     1.0   1.0  
 No rules on snacking in the home 0.90 (0.73, 1.11) 0.322 0.85 (0.69, 1.04) 0.103 1.90 (0.67, 1.20) 0.465 0.83 (0.61, 1.13) 0.239
 Sweet used as a reward for good behavior (never/sometimes) 1.0     1.0   1.0  
 Sweet used as a reward for good behavior (usually) 1.85 (1.04, 3.30) 0.035 2.18 (1.05, 4.52) 0.036 0.73 (0.33, 1.60) 0.419 0.63 (0.23, 1.68) 0.351
 Rules on screen-time (usually) 1.0     1.0   1.0  
 Rules on screen-time (never/sometimes) 1.24 (1.03, 1.51) 0.027 1.29 (1.07, 1.55) 0.008 1.17 (0.95, 1.43) 0.126 1.21 (0.97, 1.51) 0.086
Home environment
 Soft drink available in the home (never/sometimes) 1.0     1.0   1.0  
 Soft drink available in the home (usually) 1.23 (0.98, 1.55) 0.068 1.16 (0.92, 1.46) 0.222 1.07 (0.80, 1.45) 0.636 0.99 (0.71, 1.37) 0.941
 No TV in the bedroom 1.0     1.0   1.0  
 Has a TV in the bedroom 1.23 (0.99, 1.54) 0.063 1.23 (0.98, 1.55) 0.071 1.38 (1.02, 1.86) 0.036 1.20 (0.90, 1.60) 0.216
  1. WHtR waist-to-height ratio
  2. aadjusted for age, sex, socio-economic status, rural/urban residence, cultural background and meeting daily physical activity recommendation