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Table 2 Behavior strategies for individual participants

From: Implementation-effectiveness trial of an ecological intervention for physical activity in ethnically diverse low income senior centers

Monitoring/evaluation Pedometers to monitor steps & charts to show progress
Goal setting 2000 daily step increase over baseline levels, achieved through individual walking & group walks
Feedback Graphs of daily steps over time. Review of progress & verbal positive reinforcement from peer health coaches bi-weekly.
Rewards/Recognition Monthly group celebrations and individual recognition
Social support Peer health coach & staff encouragement. Group walks at appropriate levels and other group activities/events led by peer health coaches. Group sharing of challenges/solutions.
Role models/success stories Peer health coaches model step goals. Participants hear about others who meet goals/overcome challenges during group sharing.
Positive experience Fun events & supportive atmosphere in center. Well organized walks with different abilities accounted for. SMART goals that are challenging but achievable. Clear short and long term goals i.e. 100/day extra each week to meet 2000/day step increase as a long term goal.
Cues/reminders Phone calls or e-mails from peer health coaches to remind participant to attend center events, in person check ins & logs for steps. Promotional materials in center.
Planning/scheduling Planning attendance at events, reviewing steps across day with pedometer, planning when to get steps.
Problem solving Work on overcoming barriers with peer health coaches. Learn how others overcome barriers. Reduction of environmental barriers e.g. crossing times, lack of equipment through community projects led by peer health coaches.
Relapse prevention 100 step goal schedule for returning to normal after illness. Set goals for how to maintain step increases. Continued monitoring from pedometer and peer health coaches.