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Table 2 Variable definitions and summary statistics

From: Using the Uganda National Panel Survey to analyze the effect of staple food consumption on undernourishment in Ugandan children

Number of obs (n): 6101
Number of unique children: 3427
Variable Definition Mean
(Std. Dev.)
Expected Sign
Outcome Variables
 Stunting binary variable =1 if child’s z-score is more than two standard deviations (2sd) below WHO reference mean for height for age 0.222a
(0.416)
---
 Wasting binary variable =1 if child’s z-score is more than 2sd below WHO reference mean for weight for height 0.031a
(0.175)
---
 Underweight binary variable =1 if child’s z-score is more than 2sd below WHO reference mean for weight for age 0.098
(0.297)
---
Covariates
 SBS staple food spending as a percentage of total household food expenditures 43.743
(19.579)
(+)
 Food insecurity binary variable =1 if hh reported it did not have enough food in one or more months that year, 0 otherwise 0.331
(0.471)
(+)
 Spending Total household spending (100,000 UGX 2011) 52.580
(73.515)
(−)
 Household head binary variable =1 if hh head is male, 0 otherwise 0.791
(0.407)
---
 Average age The average age of individuals residing in the household 22.329
(6.465)
---
 Household occupants Number of individuals residing in the household 5.446
(2.663)
(+)
 Percent female Percent of adults in the household that are female 53.533
(19.180)
(−)
 Urban binary variable =1 if dwelling is in an urban area, 0 otherwise 0.131
(0.337)
(−)
 Father present binary variable =1 if father is present in the household, 0 otherwise 0.722
(0.448)
(−)
 Mother present binary variable =1 if mother is present in the household, 0 otherwise 0.876
(0.330)
(−)
 Household head educated binary variable =1 if household head completed at least one year of schooling, 0 otherwise 0.411
(0.492)
(+)
 Male binary variable =1 if child is male, 0 otherwise 0.503
(0.500)
---
  1. aFull sample means. Stunting subsample means: ≤ 12 months 0.118, > 12 months 0.242, males 0.248, females 0.196. Wasting subsample means: ≤ 12 months 0.060, > 12 months 0.026, males 0.037, females 0.026