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Table 3 Multivariate linear regression of self-oriented volunteering on the health outcomes of mental and physical health, life satisfaction, social well-being, and depression

From: Volunteering and health benefits in general adults: cumulative effects and forms

Predictors   Mental health Physical health Life satisfaction Social well-being Depression
β t β t β t β t β t
1. Self-oriented volunteering .063* 2.364 .069* 2.456 .036* 2.164 .053* 2.547 −.021 −1.219
2. Female −.035 −1.376 .005 .172 .003 .204 .051* 2.519 .019 1.125
3. Age −.069* −2.353 −.193** −6.243 .053** 2.907 −.061** −2.653 −.072** −3.732
  Race/Ethnicity           
4. Black −.021 −.830 −.039 −1.438 −.028+ −1.700 −.038+ −1.869 .021 1.248
5. Hispanic −.095** −3.218 −.118** −3.794 −.039* −2.095 −.085** −3.657 .023 1.174
6. Other −.015 −.581 −.046+ −1.739 −.004 −.224 .001 .505 .020 1.178
7. Education .147** 5.318 .127** 4.333 .070** 4.038 .122** 5.594 −.103** −5.598
8. US citizen −.005 −.182 −.035 −1.168 −.017 −.967 .088** 4.002 .060** 3.228
9. Married .105** 3.873 .069* 2.381 .127** 7.437 .209** 9.779 −.105** 5.838
10. Number of children −.036 −1.274 .027 −.920 −.026 −1.445 .011 .516 .001 .071
11. Employed .068* 2.487 .106** 3.654 −.006 .363 .010 .453 −.079** 4.351
12. Family income −.016 −.592 .100** 3.522 .027 1.573 .069** 3.239 −.015 −.868
13. Income missing .007 .283 −.045 −1.639 −.019 −1.194 −.048* −2.359 −.021 −1.226
  R2 .074 .117 .099 .185 .101
  Model chi-square (df) 2140.092(75)**
  1. + p < .1
  2. *p < .05
  3. **p < .01