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Table 4 Crude and adjusted associations between built environmental variables and leisure moderate to vigorous physical activity practice (none vs. some; N = 3379)

From: Built environment and physical activity: domain- and activity-specific associations among Brazilian adolescents

Variables Crude analyses Adjusted analyses**
OR 95%CI p# OR 95%CI p#
Population density¥ 0.96 0.89; 1.02 0.202 0.96 0.89; 1.03 0.268
Population between 16 and 20 years density¥ 0.91 0.85. 0.97 0.006 0.95 0.88; 1.03 0.210*
Average family income per capita¥ 1.14 1.06; 1.22 <0.001 1.06 0.98; 1.15 0.168
Street lighting proportion¥ 1.06 0.99; 1.14 0.071 1.04 0.96; 1.12 0.318
Paved streets proportion¥ 0.99 0.92; 1.06 0.719 0.98 0.91; 1.02 0.576
Sidewalks proportion¥ 0.97 0.91; 1.04 0.395 0.97 0.90; 1.05 0.473
Trees existence proportion¥ 1.04 0.97; 1.11 0.321 1.02 0.94; 1.10 0.618
Open sewage proportion¥ 0.91 0.84; 0.97 0.006 0.98 0.90; 1.06 0.562
Spread garbage proportion¥ 1.05 0.98; 1.12 0.145 1.08 0.99; 1.17 0.050*
Public open spaces 1.03 1.01; 1.06 0.009 1.01 0.99; 1.04 0.395
Public open spaces with at least on physical activity attribute 1.01 0.97; 1.04 0.753 0.99 0.95; 1.03 0.526
Public open spaces with at least on physical activity attribute of regular quality 1.04 1.00; 1.09 0.051 1.00 0.96; 1.05 0.842
Public open spaces with at least on good physical activity attribute 1.04 0.99; 1.09 0.173 0.99 0.94; 1.05 0.789
Walking paths/trails 1.03 0.99; 1.07 0.148 1.00 0.95; 1.04 0.837
Football pitches 0.98 0.95; 1.01 0.155 0.99 0.95; 1.02 0.481
Cycle paths/lanes 1.10 0.98; 1.25 0.114 0.98 0.86; 1.13 0.829
Gym 1.03 1.01; 1.05 0.002 1.02 0.99; 1.04 0.173
Beachfront 3.38 1.50; 7.63 0.003 3.31 1.37; 8.02 0.008*
Total attributes to physical activity practice 1.02 1.01; 1.03 0.006 1.01 0.99; 1.02 0.462
Lower distance for any physical activity attribute¥ 0.98 0.92; 1.05 0.616   0.98 0.91; 1.06 0.586
  1. ¥Standardized variables (transformed into Z-scores)
  2. #Wald test, Multiple Logistic Regression
  3. **Adjusted for sex, time living at that address and socioeconomic status
  4. *Additional adjustment – Adjusted for sex, time living at that address and socioeconomic status and other environmental variables associated (p < 0.05) in the first adjusted model