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Table 4 Associations between respondents’ practices, related health outcomes and waste management practice

From: Correlates of domestic waste management and related health outcomes in Sunyani, Ghana: a protocol towards enhancing policy

Waste management practice
Attributes Yes; n (%) No; n (%) P-value
Type of waste generated in households
 Organic waste 68 (26.6) 188 (73.4) .001
 Inorganic waste 115 (47.7) 126 (52.3)  
 Organic and in organic waste 21 (10.3) 182 (89.7)  
Type of receptacle used in the house
 In-door open dumping 54 (40.9) 78 (59.1) .001
 Out-door open dumping 51 (31.1) 113 (68.9)  
 Open container 204 (29.1) 496 (70.9)  
Practice of recycling
 Yes 81 (85.3) 14 (14.7) .001
 No 123 (20.3) 482 (79.7)  
Persons responsible for solid waste
 Individuals 125 (27.1) 336 (72.9) .001
 The municipal assembly 60 (58.3) 43 (41.7)  
 Private agencies 4 (16.7) 20 (83.3)  
 Not available 15 (13.4) 97 (86.6)  
Rating charges for waste collection    
 Expensive 31 (25.4) 91 (74.6) .005
 Moderate 163 (32.1) 345 (67.9)  
 No charges 10 (14.3) 60 (85.7)  
Frequency of people reporting sick in the municipality
 Often 107 (34.7) 201 (65.3) .004
 Not at all 97 (24.7) 295 (75.3)  
Common diseases occurring in the community
 Malaria 77 (24.5) 237 (75.5) .001
 Diarrhea 36 (32.4) 75 (67.6)  
 Cholera 49 (42.2) 67 (57.8)  
 Typhoid 11 (55) 9 (45)  
 Other diseases 31 (22.3) 108 (77.7)  
If dump site, is it easily accessible
 Yes 167 (33.1) 338 (66.9) .001
 No 37 (19) 158 (81)  
Type of refuse dump in the Municipality
 Surface dump at the outskirts of town 159 (36.1) 281 (63.9) .001
 Community container 24 (15.7) 129 (84.3)  
 No dumping site 21 (19.6) 86 (80.4)  
Frequency of visiting dump sites
 Daily 76 (37.3) 128 (62.7) .001
 Weekly 122 (28.1) 312 (71.9)  
 When container is full 4 (11.4) 31 (88.6)  
 Monthly 2 (7.4) 25 (92.6)  
Distance to dumpsites
 Too far(above 250 m) 49 (39.2) 76 (60.8) .001
 Far(200-250 m) 108 (34.5) 205 (65.5)  
 Close(100-149 m) 47 (17.9) 215 (82.1)