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Table 3 Logistic regression for current waterpipe tobacco smoking and cigarette smoking by participants’ characteristics for the total sample (n = 1891)

From: Waterpipe and cigarette tobacco smoking among Palestinian university students: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Waterpipe tobacco smoking Cigarette smoking
AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Age (in years) § - 1.12 (1.05–1.20)
Gender
 Women R 1 1
 Men 4.20 (3.22–5.48) 10.91 (7.25–16.42)
Locality
 Urban & Camp R - 1
 Rural - 1.90 (1.17–3.08)
Geographic area of residence
 Gaza Strip R 1 1
 North West Bank 3.20 (2.31–4.44) 3.78 (2.51–5.70)
 Central West Bank 2.66 (1.91–3.72) 2.66 (1.73–4.08)
 South West Bank 2.81 (1.99–3.95) 2.40 (1.51–3.83)
Living arrangement
 With family R - 1
 Other - 1.79 (1.19–2.68)
Employment status
 Not employed R - 1
 Employed - 1.54 (1.08–2.18)
Mother’s highest educational attainment
 Less than high school R - 1
 High school & above - 1.41 (1.03–1.93)
Self-rated financial status
 Poor R 1 -
 Good 1.33 (0.99–1.80) -
 Very good 1.68 (1.24–2.29) -
Current faculty of study
 Sciences & health sciences R 1 1
 Arts & humanities 1.28 (1.00–1.63) 1.76 (1.29–2.40)
Self-reported academic achievement
 GPAb ≥ 80.0 R 1 1
 GPA 70.0–79.9 1.79 (1.36–2.36) 2.15 (1.51–3.08)
 GPA ≤ 69.9 2.94 (1.96–4.41) 4.50 (2.78–7.30)
  1. RReference category
  2. AOR (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval)
  3. §Continuous variable, AOR reflects the change in age (1 year) following one unit change in our outcome variables
  4. b GPA Grade point average