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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participant in the study group (n = 301)

From: Healthy dietary patterns decrease the risk of colorectal cancer in the Mecca Region, Saudi Arabia: a case-control study

Parameter Control Case
Age (year) 56.7 ± 8.4 56 ± 13.4
(BMI (kg/m2) 28.3 ± 5.5 25.9 ± 6.9
Employment (%)
 Yes 45.9 19.6
 No 8.6 25.9
Education (%)
 Illiterate 0.3 16.3
 Primary 1.0 9.3
 Intermediate/secondary 7.3 8.3
 Postsecondary 45.8 11.7
Family income in SR (%)
 <5000 4.7 16.3
 5000–10,000 17.3 9.3
 10,000–20,000 23.3 8.3
 >20,000 9.3 11.5
Married (%)
 Yes 51.8 41.9
 No 2.6 3.7
Family history of CRC (%)
 Yes 9 7.3
 No 45.5 38.2
Smoking (%)
 Yes 7.9 6.7
 No 46.5 38.9
Regularly exercise (%)
 Yes 22.6 13
 No 31.9 32.5
  1. Percentages are determined from the total (n = 301)
  2. Abbreviations: BMI Body Mass Index, SR Saudi Riyals