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Table 1 Main socio-demographic, fertility and family planning variables by study cohort for the Quantitative sample (N = 240)

From: Fertility intentions and contraceptive practices among clinic-users living with HIV in Kenya: a mixed methods study

  Study cohort
Factor Central Province N = 204 (%) Eastern Province N = 36 (%) χ 2/Fisher’s p-value
Age
 16–25 15 (7) 8 (22) <0.001
 26–35 114 (56) 26 (72)  
 36–45 75 (37) 2 (6)  
Marital status
 Single 75 (37) 4 (11) 0.003
 Married 129 (63) 32 (89)  
Religion
 Roman Catholic 58 (28) 13 (36) 0.352
 Other 146 (72) 23 (64)  
Education
 Up to primary 169 (83) 29 (81) 0.739
 Above primary 35 (17) 7 (19)  
Employment
 Unemployed 50 (24) 26 (72) <0.001
 Regular 145 (72) 9 (25)  
 Professional 9 (4) 1 (3)  
Breadwinner status
 Herself 76 (37) 3 (8) 0.001
 Partner 114 (56) 29 (81)  
 Other 14 (7) 4 (11)  
Breadwinner occupation
 Unemployed 8 (4) 0 (0) 0.739
 Regular 178 (87) 33 (92)  
 Professional 18 (9) 3 (8)  
Has health insurance
 No 171 (84) 31 (86) 0.729
 Yes 33 (16) 5 (14)  
Household income
  < KSh3000 46 (23) 13 (36) 0.216
 3000–9999 113 (55) 16 (44)  
 10,000+ 45 (22) 7 (19)  
Can raise KSh1000 for emergency
 Easy to 38 (19) 7 (19) 0.908
 Difficult to 166 (81) 29 (81)  
Can access FP voucher
 No 182 (91) 27 (90) 0.732
 Yes 17 (9) 3 (10)  
Currently on ART
 No 42 (21) 17 (47) 0.001
 Yes 162 (79) 19 (53)  
On Co-trimoxazole prophylaxis
 No 22 (11) 7 (19) 0.164
 Yes 182 (89) 29 (81)  
Knowledge of partner’s HIV status
 No 55 (28) 9 (28) 0.112
 Yes 145 (72) 23 (72)  
Ever experienced stigma
 No 146 (72) 33 (92) 0.011
 Yes 58 (28) 3 (8)  
Sexually active
 No 55 (28) 11 (37) 0.135
 Yes 144 (72) 19 (63)  
Number of sex partners in last 1 month
 0 0 (0) 7 (22) <0.001
 1 116 (97) 25 (78)  
  > 1 3 (3) 0 (0)  
Number of sex partners in last 12 months
 0 0 (0) 5 (16) <0.001
 1 131 (97) 26 (81)  
  > 1 4 (3) 1 (3)  
Fertility Variables
 Number of previous pregnancies
 Once 26 (13) 1 (3) 0.173
 Two times 69 (34) 10 (28)  
 Three times 47 (23) 9 (25)  
 More than three times 62 (30) 16 (44)  
 Number of living children
 1 child 34 (17) 1 (3) 0.007
 2 children 75 (38) 11 (31)  
 3 children 53 (27) 9 (25)  
  > 3 children 37 (19) 15 (42)  
 Desired number of children
 2 children 66 (32) 6 (20) 0.051
 3 children 75 (37) 8 (27)  
  > 3 children 63 (31) 16 (53)  
 Partner desires same number children
 No 23 (12) 4 (13) 0.674
 Yes 101 (51) 18 (60)  
 Has no partner 45 (23) 4 (13)  
 Don’t know 30 (15) 4 (13)  
 Parity balance
 More children than number desired 31 (15) 5 (14) 0.228
 Desired number of children fulfilled 72 (35) 18 (50)  
 Less children than number desired 101 (50) 13 (36)  
 Wants another child
 No 143 (70) 24 (80) 0.263
 Yes 61 (30) 6 (20)  
 Intended the last pregnancy
 No 26 (13) 5 (14) 0.901
 Wanted to wait 58 (28) 9 (25)  
 Yes 120 (59) 22 (61)  
 Feeling if unexpectedly pregnant today
 I would feel sad 118 (60) 22 (65) 0.276
 I would feel happy 17 (9) 5 (15)  
 Indifferent 62 (31) 7 (20)  
Family Planning variables    
 Uses family planning
 No 10 (5) 8 (27) 0.001
 Yes 189 (95) 22 (73)  
 Type of family planning method used
 Short-term 97 (51) 10 (45) 0.311
 Long-term 27 (14) 6 (27)  
 Condom 65 (34) 6 (27)  
 Dual protection
 No 61 (32) 12 (55) 0.038
 Yes 128 (68) 10 (45)  
 Provider explained FP methods
 No 113 (58) 9 (69) 0.296
 Yes 82 (42) 4 (31)  
 Stopped family planning
 Not stopped 168 (84) 28 (78) 0.324
 Stopped 31 (16) 8 (22)  
 Pregnant at baseline or over follow-up
 No 1 (0.5) 0 (0) 1.000
 Yes 197 (99.5) 36 (100)  
 Got pregnant while on Family Planning
 No 150 (78) 22 (63) 0.060
 Yes 43 (22) 13 (37)  
 FP method in use when she got pregnant
 Short-term & condoms 43 (100) 13 (100)
 Long-term & permanent 0 (0) 0 (0)  
  1. Missing data in some sub-categories means N is not always equal to 240 for each variable