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Table 5 Factors associated with correctly identifying the recommended number of servings of cereal foods per day, Western Australian Nutrition Monitoring Survey Series (NMSS)

From: Consumer attitudes and misperceptions associated with trends in self-reported cereal foods consumption: cross-sectional study of Western Australian adults, 1995 to 2012

  Knowledge of recommended cereal intake (≥4 servings versus less than 4 servings)
OR [95% CI]
Year of survey
 1995 1.00
 1998 1.18 [0.94,1.47]
 2001 0.83 [0.66,1.05]
 2004 0.46 [0.35,0.60]c
 2009 0.37 [0.28,0.48]c
 2012 0.20 [0.15,0.27]c
Sex
 Female 1.00
 Male 0.77 [0.65,0.91]b
Age (years)
 18–24 1.00
 25–34 0.81 [0.62,1.07]
 35–44 0.76 [0.58,0.99]a
 45–54 0.66 [0.49,0.87]b
 55–64 0.53 [0.39,0.73]c
Education
 Less than high school 1.00
 High school 1.50 [1.19,1.89]c
 Trade/Certificate/Diploma 1.18 [0.89,1.55]
 University degree 1.98 [1.60,2.44]c
Level of attention paid to health aspect of diet
 Pay a lot of attention 1.00
 Take a bit of notice 0.87 [0.73,1.04]
 Don’t think about 0.49 [0.34,0.71]c
  1. Results are odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval, derived from a binary logistic regression under survey module. Only variables with p < .05 from overall Wald test after regression were retained in the final model and reported
  2. a p < .05
  3. b p < .01
  4. c p < .001