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Table 3 The contribution of macronutrients and selected foods to energy intake in underweight (UW), healthy-weight (HW), overweight (OW), and obese (OB) participants. n = 109

From: A comparison of nutritional intake and daily physical activity of girls aged 8-11 years old in Makkah, Saudi Arabia according to weight status

Average for 4 Days UW HW OW OB
N = 11 N = 50 N = 16 N = 32
Energy (kcal)*** 1412 ± 291a (1133-1909) 1806 ± 403a (1207-2697) 2489 ± 887b (1438-5168) 2677 ± 804b (1595-5168)
Energy from protein (kcal)*** 211 ± 76a (132-347) 264 ± 100a (102-473) 312 ± 159a,b (157-853) 359 ± 137b (202-853)
% energy from protein 14.2% ±3.2 (10.6-20.8) 14.5% ±3.9 (5.4-25.8) 12.2% ±1.9 (9-16.5) 13.5% ±2.9 (7.9-17.9)
Energy from Fat (kcal)*** 454 ± 99a (618-322) 624 ± 211a (200-1061) 940 ± 351b (468-1883) 974 ± 396b (450-1901)
% energy from fat 32.2% ±4 (28.1-41.7) 34% ±6 (12.5-42.9) 38.2% ±9.1 (27.5-67.9) 35.6% ±5.8 (27.4-47.4)
Energy from CHO (kcal)*** 796 ± 169a (646-1104) 946 ± 249a (214-1742) 1389 ± 439b (767-2569) 1442 ± 370b (935-2563)
% energy from CHO 56.4% ±3.5 (49.5-63) 52.6% ±9.2 (13.26-67.8) 57% ±12.5 (39.4-98.6) 54.7% ±6.1 (39.6-67.9)
Energy from Savoury Snacks (kcal)** 8 ± 17.7a (.00-44) 100 ± 123a,b (.00- 600) 117 ± 167a,b (.00- 625) 186 ± 220b (.00-937)
% energy from Savoury Snacks 0.6% ±1.4 (.00-3.60) 5.6% ±6.8 (.00-28.8) 4.8% ±7.1 (.00-27) 6.2% ±6 (.00-23)
Energy from sugary drinks (kcal)** 72 ± 44a (21- 121) 120 ± 94a (26-326) 158 ± 112a, b (42- 292) 144 ± 49b (68- 221)
% energy from sugary drinks 4.5% ±3 (.00-11) 4.6% ±2.9 (.00-13.1) 4.2% ±3.1 (.00-11.3) 4.7% ±2 (2-10.60)
  1. ***Significant differences p < 0.001; **significant differences p < 0.01 for the effect of the BMI groups
  2. a,b,cTukey Post hoc test: means with the same letter indicate no significant difference. Any difference between two means carrying different letters is significant at 1%