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Table 2 Knowledge and awareness of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) by HCW category

From: Health care workers indicate ill preparedness for Ebola Virus Disease outbreak in Ashanti Region of Ghana

Question HCW category Total, (%)  
  MDs (n = 20) Nurses (n = 77) PA (n = 4) Overall (n = 101) χ2, p-value
The organism responsible for EVD is 5.41, 0.247
 Virus 18 (18.81) 61 (60.40) 4 (3.96) 84 (83.17)  
 Bacterium 1 (0.99) 2 (1.98) 0 3 (2.97)
 Other 0 14 (13.86) 0 14 (13.86)
Source of knowledge of EVD? 45.44, p > 0.001
 During academic training 10 (9.90) 1 (0.99) 0 11 (10.89)  
 From a colleague 0 13 (12.87) 0 13 (12.87)
 Media 8 (7.92) 60 (59.41) 4 (3.96) 72 (71.29)
 Workshop 2 (1.98) 2 (1.98) 0 4 (3.96)
 Other 0 1 (0.99) 0 1(0.99)
Biosafety required for EVD processing 22.65, 0.001
 BSL-1 0 (0) 2 (1.98) 0 (0) 2 (1.98)  
 BSL-2 0 (0) 4 (3.96) 0 (0) 4 (3.96)
 BSL-3 11 (10.89) 8 (7.92) 0(0) 19 (18.81)
 BSL-4 9 (8.91) 63 (62.38) 4 (3.96) 76 (75.25)
Biosafety required for EVD culture 20.93, 0.007
 BSL-1 0 (0) 1 (0.99) 0 (0) 1 (0.99)  
 BSL-2 0 (0) 2 (1.98) 0 (0) 2 (1.98)
 BSL-3 0 (0) 4 (3.96) 0 (0) 4 (3.96)
 BSL-4 11 (10.89) 8 (7.92) 1 (0.99) 20 (19.80)
 Don’t know 9 (8.91) 62 (61.39) 3 (2.97) 74 (73.27)
Disinfectant required for attending to EVD patient 28.52, 0.001
 70% Ethanol 4 (3.96) 1 (0.99) 0 (0) 5 (4.95)  
 100% Ethanol 1 (0.99) 0 (0) 1 (0.99) 2 (1.98)
 0.5% Sodium Hypochlorite 2 (1.98) 6 (5.94) 1 (0.99) 9 (8.91)
 50% alcohol gel 1 (0.99) 4 (3.96) 0 (0) 5 (4.95)
 Other 10 (9.90) 50 (49.50) 2 (1.98) 62 (61.39)
 Don’t know 2 (1.98) 50 (49.50) 0 (0) 18 (17.82)
  1. MDs Medical Doctors, PA Physician Assistant