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Table 1 Profile of participants overall and across years of the study

From: Four-year trends in adiposity and its association with hypertension in serial groups of young adult university students in urban Cameroon: a time-series study

Variables Overall 2009 2010 2011 2012 p-value p-trend
N (%) 2726 (100) 559 (20.5) 469 (17.2) 690 (25.3) 1008 (37.0)   
Men, n (%) 1893 (69.4) 389 (69.6) 300 (64.0) 504 (73.0) 700 (69.4) 0.013 0.383
Mean age, years 21.8 (2.4) 21.8 (2.4) 21.7 (2.4) 21.9 (2.5) 21.7 (2.4) 0.271 0.850
Pulse, beats per min 77 (13) 76 (13) 79 (13) 75 (13) 77 (14) <0.0001 0.314
Weight, kg 67.8 (10.6) 67.1 (10.2) 67.0 (10.9) 67.6 (10.0) 68.7 (10.9) 0.177 0.005
Height, cm 171 (9) 171 (9) 171 (9) 171 (8) 171 (9) 0.687 0.232
Hip circumference, cm 96 (7) 96 (9) 96 (8) 94 (7) 96 (8) <0.0001 <0.0001
Men
 N (%) 1893 (100) 389 (20.6) 300 (15.9) 504 (26.6) 700 (36.9)   
 Mean age, years 21.9 (2.5) 22.0 (2.5) 21.9 (2.5) 22.1 (2.6) 21.8 (2.4) 0.166 0.420
 Pulse, beats per min 74 (13) 74 (12) 77 (13) 73 (12) 74 (13) 0.0004 0.355
 Weight, kg 69.8 (9.4) 68.6 (8.9) 69.9 (9.7) 69.3 (9.3) 70.7 (9.6) 0.002 0.288
 Height, cm 174.4 (7.0) 174 (7) 175 (7) 174.2 (6.6) 174.5 (7.0) 0.130 0.618
 Hip circumference, cm 94.4 (6.9) 94.5 (7.5) 95.4 (6.6) 93.2 (5.9) 94.8 (7.1) <0.0001 0.004
Women
 N (%) 833 (100) 170 (20.4) 169 (20.3) 186 (22.3) 308 (37.0)   
 Mean age, years 21.4 (2.3) 21.6 (2.3) 21.4 (2.0) 21.3 (2.1) 21.4 (2.5) 0.626 0.186
 Pulse, beats per min 83 (13) 82 (12) 83 (12) 82 (14) 85 (13) 0.098 0.818
 Weight, kg 63.4 (11.7) 63.6 (12.1) 61.9 (11.1) 63.2 (10.4) 64.2 (12.4) 0.236 0.767
 Height, cm 163.7 (7.2) 163.7 (7.2) 163.9 (6.0) 164.0 (7.2) 163.3 (7.7) 0.773 0.769
 Hip circumference, cm 98.8 (9.4) 100.6 (9.9) 98.3 (9.0) 97.6 (8.2) 98.8 (10.0) 0.018 0.002
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