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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the association between time scarcity, gender, age, ethnicity, weight status, education, number of children and dichotomized indicators of ultra-processed food consumption Percentage of groups in high category of time scarcity, ultra-processed dinner products, sweet/salty snacks & soft drinks and fast foods away from home. *p < 0.05

From: The association between time scarcity, sociodemographic correlates and consumption of ultra-processed foods among parents in Norway: a cross-sectional study

   Time scarcity Ultra-processed dinner products Snacks & Soft drinks Fast foods away from home
  n % in high category % in high category % in high category % in high category
All 497 29.6 48.9 48.3 43.7
Time scarcity
 Low 157   43.3 43.9 35.7
 Medium 193   49.7 49.2 49.2
 High 147   53.7 51.7 44.9
 p    0.183 0.380 0.037*
Gender
 Men 52 21.2 57.7 44.2 55.8
 Women 445 30.6 47.9 48.8 42.2
 p   0.160 0.180 0.536 0.063
Ethnicity
 Native 442 30.3 50.5 50.9 45.2
 Non-native 54 24.1 37.0 25.9 29.6
 p   0.343 0.063 0.001* 0.029*
Weight status
 Normal weight 293 29.0 46.8 45.1 40.6
 Overweight/obese 197 29.9 52.8 54.3 49.2
 p   0.823 0.190 0.044* 0.059
Education
 No higher education 153 28.1 53.6 56.9 51.0
 Higher education 344 30.2 46.8 44.5 40.4
 p   0.631 0.162 0.011* 0.028*
Number of children in the household
 1 163 28.2 47.2 48.5 44.8
 2 231 30.7 48.1 47.2 42.9
 ≥3 101 28.7 53.5 51.5 44.6
 p   0.849 0.580 0.771 0.918