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Table 1 Characteristics associated with whether non-smokers noticed health warning labels often vs. less than often in the last month (N = 1324)

From: Noticing cigarette health warnings and support for new health warnings among non-smokers in China: findings from the International Tobacco Control project (ITC) China survey

  N % Noticed HWLs Often (%) p OR 95% CI
City
 Beijing 202 15.25% 3.49% ref ref ref
 Shenyang 187 14.12% 8.16% 0.192 2.45 0.63–9.52
 Shanghai 196 14.80% 3.75% 0.831 1.17 0.28–4.87
 Changsha 180 13.60% 17.78% 0.033a 4.72 1.14–19.62
 Guangzhou 191 14.43% 11.31% 0.015a 4.07 1.33–12.46
 Kunming 180 13.60% 19.57% 0.01a 5.02 1.48–17.05
 Yinchuan 188 14.20% 23.04% 0.002a 7.12 2.12–23.92
Ethnicity
 Others 97 7.33% 28.65% ref ref ref
 Han nationality 1227 92.67% 11.08% 0.007a 0.40 0.21–0.77
Gender
 Male 495 37.39% 12.34% ref ref ref
 Female 829 62.61% 12.08% 0.110 0.64 0.37–1.11
Age (years)
 18–39 248 18.73% 21.27% ref ref ref
 40–54 438 33.08% 13.24% 0.097 0.60 0.32–1.10
 55+ 638 48.19% 8.72% 0.014a 0.48 0.27–0.86
Household Income per month (yuan)
 Low/Medium 487 36.78% 11.31% ref ref ref
 High 837 63.22% 12.64% 0.100 1.56 0.92–2.66
Education
 Low/Medium 894 67.52% 11.06%    
 High 430 32.48% 14.90% 0.978 1.00 0.51–1.93
Smoking spouse/partner
 No smoking spouse/partner 721 54.46% 10.28% ref ref ref
 Have smoking spouse/partner 415 31.34% 19.13% 0.002a 2.41 1.42–4.13
 No spouse/partner 188 14.20% 8.15% 0.763 0.90 0.43–1.86
Number of smoking friends
 0 409 30.89% 10.57% ref ref ref
 1 238 17.98% 10.35% 0.617 0.80 0.33–1.95
 2 264 19.94% 10.12% 0.204 0.60 0.27–1.33
 3 232 17.52% 13.72% 0.821 0.92 0.46–1.84
 4 69 5.21% 9.74% 0.647 0.69 0.14–3.39
 5 112 8.46% 24.35% 0.333 1.59 0.62–4.11
Surveyed before/after new HWLs apply
 Before 1100 83.08% 10.40% ref ref ref
 After 224 16.92% 19.50% 0.628 1.17 0.61–2.25
  1. CI Confidence interval; Significant levels are indicated as follows: *p < 0.05; **p < 0.001,***p < 0.0001
  2. OR, Odd Ratio of noticed health warning labels (0, refused/don’t know/once a while noting warning labels in last month; 1, often noticed labels in last month)
  3. Survey before/after new HWLs apply, Before (before 01/04/2012); After (after 01/04/2012)
  4. Notice HWLs often, Respondents who reported they notice HWLs often in the last month
  5. aThe percentage are weighted and the frequencies are unweighted