Skip to main content

Table 3 Prevalence of household food consumption characteristics, September 2012 and May 2013, Iqaluit, Canada

From: Food insecurity and food consumption by season in households with children in an Arctic city: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Households with children Households without children Presence of children
All September 2012 May 2013 P value* All September 2012 May 2013 P value* P value
Frequency of food consumptiona   
 Fruit and vegetablesb          
  More than half of the meals     0.35     0.73 0.002
   % 79.0 80.8 77.3   70.4 69.8 71.2   
   95% CI 75.3, 82.6 75.7, 85.9 72.2, 82.5   66.4, 74.5 64.1, 75.4 65.4, 77.0   
 Local foodsc          
  More than half of the meals     0.19     0.08 0.20
   % 11.1 13.1 9.3   8.7 10.8 6.3   
   95% CI 8.3, 13.9 8.7, 17.5 5.8, 12.9   6.2, 11.2 7.0, 14.6 3.2, 9.4   
 Retail foodsd          
  More than half of the meals     0.62     0.19 <0.001
   % 71.4 72.5 70.4   54.9 52.1 58.0   
   95% CI 67.4, 75.4 66.7, 78.3 64.8, 76.0   50.5, 59.3 46.0, 58.2 51.7, 64.3   
Method of food preparatione   
 Cooked     0.28     0.41 0.24
  % 56.6 59.2 54.3   60.3 58.5 62.2   
 95% CI 52.2, 61.0 52.8, 65.6 48.2, 60.4   56.0, 64.6 52.5, 64.6 56.0, 68.4   
 Raw     0.73     0.48 0.17
  % 52.7 53.5 52.0   48.3 49.8 46.6   
  95% CI 48.2, 57.1 47.0, 60.0 45.8, 58.1   43.9, 52.7 43.7, 55.9 40.3, 53.0   
 Fermented     0.98     0.49 0.81
  % 6.6 6.6 6.6   6.2 6.9 5.5   
  95% CI 4.4, 8.8 3.3, 9.8 3.6, 9.7   4.1, 8.4 3.8, 10.0 2.6, 8.4   
 Dried     0.003     0.09 0.42
  % 43.8 50.9 37.5   41.2 44.8 37.4   
  95% CI 39.4, 48.2 44.4, 57.4 31.5, 43.5   36.9, 45.6 38.7, 50.9 31.2, 43.6   
 Frozen     0.98     0.42 0.20
  % 61.8 61.8 61.7   57.7 59.5 55.9   
  95% CI 57.4, 66.1 55.5, 68.2 55.7–67.7   53.4, 62.1 53.5, 65.5 49.5, 62.2   
  1. * P value determined using χ2, H0: Prevalence of characteristic is the same in September 2012 and May 2013
  2. P value determined using χ2, H0: Prevalence of characteristic is the same in households with and without children
  3. aParticipants reported the number of meals that included these foods in the past month. For purpose of analyses, categories were combined into ‘Less than half of the meals’ (‘None’ to ‘Half of the meals’) and ‘More than half of the meals’ (‘More than half of the meals’ to ‘All meals’)
  4. bFruit and vegetables include fruit and vegetables coming from the land and retail store
  5. cLocal foods include freshly caught fish and meat from the land
  6. dRetail foods include fish from the retail store, meat from the retail store, and pre-packaged, processed, or ready-to-eat food from the retail store
  7. eMethod of preparation for fish and meat, except for ‘cooked’ which includes only fish because of not enough observations for cooked meat. Participants reported consumption within the 2 weeks (yes/no)