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Table 1 Data collection processes from 2008 to 2016

From: “Getting out of downtown”: a longitudinal study of how street-entrenched youth attempt to exit an inner city drug scene

  Wave 1 Wave 2 Wave 3 Wave 4
Dates January 2008 to June 2008 July 2009 to April 2010 January 2011 to December 2012 January 2013–May 2016
Data collection techniques In-depth interviews In-depth interviews Intensive ethnographic fieldwork documented through fieldnotes, audio recordings Intensive ethnographic fieldwork documented through fieldnotes, audio recordings
Research participants 39 (18 men; 21 women) 28 (20 men; 8 women) 25 (16 men; 9 women) 15 (9 men; 5 women; 1 transgender individual)
Age range 16–26 (median age = 22) 14–25 (median age = 21) 20–30 (median = 26) 24–34 (median age = 28)
Ethnicity 65% Caucasian, 25% of Indigenous ancestry, 10% African Canadian 72% Caucasian, 25% of Indigenous ancestry, 3% African Canadian 67% Caucasian, 25% of Indigenous ancestry, 8% African Canadian 60% Caucasian, 33% of Indigenous ancestry, 7% African Canadian
Follow-up from previous waves N/A 12 from Wave 1 DF had contact with research participants on at least a monthly basis; in addition, 40 more formal, audio recorded semi-structured interviews were conducted during this time DF had contact with research participants on at least a monthly basis; in addition, 56 more formal, audio recorded semi-structured interviews were conducted during this time
Recruitment process Facilitated by a youth peer research associate Facilitated by the staff at the ARYS research office, and Fast’s ongoing relationships with local youth Facilitated by DF’s ongoing relationships with local youth Facilitated by DF’s ongoing relationships with local youth
Primary Location The ARYS research office in the Downtown South The ARYS research office in the Downtown South The places where youth were living, socializing and working The places where youth were living, socializing and working