Skip to main content

Table 4 Multivariate analysis of risk factors for nutritional status of preschool children

From: Nutritional status and correlated socio-economic factors among preschool and school children in plantation communities, Sri Lanka

Variables Underweight Stunting Wasting
OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Individual Characteristics
 Female 2.89 (1.50–5.55) 0.001* 2.75 (1.39–5.45) 0.004* 1.58 (0.78–3.21) 0.207
 More than 2 siblings 1.50 (0.57–3.93) 0.412 1.39 (0.51–3.79) 0.517 3.16 (1.11–8.97) 0.031*
 More than 2 birth Order 3.11 (0.73–13.35) 0.127 2.23 (0.50–10.19) 0.303 6.39 (1.23–33.08) 0.027*
 More than five family members 1.03 (0.53–2.01) 0.938 1.08 (0.54–2.17) 0.832 1.60 (0.79–3.26) 0.195
Education and Employment status of parents
 Father completed secondary education or above 0.42 (0.18–0.97) 0.041 0.54 (0.24–1.25) 0.153 0.75 (0.32–1.75) 0.501
 Mother completed secondary education or above 0.53 (0.27–1.08) 0.079 0.71 (0.33–1.51) 0.374 0.62 (0.30–1.24) 0.175
 Employed father 1.96 (0.51–6.51) 0.324 5.61 (0.96–31.08) 0.058 0.45 (0.13–1.59) 0.215
 Employed mother 2.12 (1.05–4.28) 0.037* 1.40 (0.68–2.86) 0.361 2.12 (1.05–4.28) 0.037*
Household Characteristics
 Attached houses 0.76 (0.33–1.73) 0.506 1.16 (0.51–2.63) 0.730 0.69 (0.27–1.55) 0.438
 One/two rooms in a household 0.97 (0.52–1.86) 0.900 0.96 (0.82–2.90) 0.064 0.82 (0.41–1.68) 0.590
 Cement floor 0.88 (0.35–2.32) 0.791 1.74 (0.62–4.88) 0.293 0.88 (0.32–2.44) 0.800
 Cement wall 0.79 (0.35–1.80) 0.576 0.49 (0.21–1.19) 0.118 0.79 (0.32–1.91) 0.593
 Metal laminate roof 0.69 (0.22–2.17) 0.522 1.62 (0.59–4.42) 0.348 0.78 (0.28–2.18) 0.634
 House own latrine 1.13 (0.57–2.23) 0.740 0.84 (0.41–1.72) 0.639 0.65 (0.31–1.37) 0.262
 Drinking treated water 0.94 (0.47–1.87) 0.860 1.69 (0.83–3.42) 0.145 1.07 (0.52–2.28) 0.816
 Less than Rs 20,000 monthly income (USD 133) 1.87 (0.83–4.17) 0.128 1.25 (0.55–2.81) 0.594 0.63 (0.68–1.25) 0.066
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *Statistically significant association