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Table 1 Study and participant characteristics of included studies

From: Social relationships, mental health and wellbeing in physical disability: a systematic review

  Category specification N (%) or mean (range)
Total included   63 (100%)
Study characteristics
Region Europe 32 (50.8)
North America 23 (36.5)
Asia 7 (11.1)
Australasia 1 (1.6)
Design Cross-sectional 47 (74.6)
Longitudinal 16 (25.4)
Social relationship concepts Social support 58 a
Social network 6
Negative social interactions 3
Family functioning 2
Relationship quality 1
Mental health Depression 33 a
Mental health composite score 10
Anxiety 8
Distress 7
Posttraumatic stress disorder 3
Hopelessness 1
Wellbeing Life satisfaction 6 a
Quality of life 6
Negative affect 3
Positive affect 2
Wellbeing 2
Quality rating b Low 15 (23.8)
Medium 34 (54.0)
High 14 (22.2)
Participant characteristics
Sample size Mean, range 232.5 (50–1455)
Age Mean, range 52.1 (21.0–75.6)
Health condition Rheumatoid arthritis 22 (34.9)
Spinal cord injury 14 (22.2)
Multiple sclerosis 12 (19.0)
Stroke 11 (17.4)
Physically disabled, unspecified 2 (3.2)
Spina bifida 1 (1.6)
Parkinson’s disease 1 (1.6)
  1. aPercent of studies not given as some studies assess more than one social relationship concept and/or include several mental health or wellbeing outcomes
  2. bQuality of reporting assessed by the STROBE guidelines