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Table 3 Results from the inductive content analysis of definitions

From: Health literacy in childhood and youth: a systematic review of definitions and models

Components: • collection/set of skills (n = 6) • competencies (n = 5) • knowledge (n = 3) • capacity (n = 2) • motivation (n = 1) • strategies (n = 1) • comprehension (n = 1) • communication (n = 1)
Action/Agency: • to understand (n = 5) • to access (n = 4) • to use (n = 4) • to apply (n = 3) • to comprehend (n = 3) • to evaluate (n = 3) • to act (upon) (n = 3) • to seek (out) (n = 2) • to appraising (n = 2) the credibility, accuracy and relevance of • to process (n = 2), • to obtain (n = 1) • to encompass (n = 1) • to integrate (n = 1) • to construct (n = 1) • to interact with people (n = 1) • to cope with necessary changes (n = 1) • to organize (n = 1)
Subjects: • (basic) health information (n = 7) • health-related concepts (n = 1) • health services (n = 1) • health knowledge, attitudes and practice (n = 1) • physical and psycho-social activities with appropriate standards (n = 1)
Sources: from a variety of platforms (n = 1)
Purposes: • to take/make appropriate/sound health decisions (n = 3) (concerning healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion) • to make informed choice (n = 1) • to manage one’s health environment (n = 2) • to maintain or improve quality of life (n = 2) • to improve or achieve complete well-being (n = 2) to promote and maintain good health (n = 1) • to make judgments (n = 1) • to take more control over their health (n = 1) • to understand themselves, others and the world (n = 1) • to reduce health risks (n = 1) • to change their health behaviours or living conditions (n = 1) • to empower this group to be more engaged, more productive, and healthier (n = 1) • to build individual and community capacity to understand the components of health (n = 1) • the potential to influence individuals and society (n = 1) • to understand that actions taken in youth affect health later in life (n = 1)
Age- and development-specific conditions: • if materials are presented in ways that are age appropriate, culturally relevant, and socially supported (n = 1) • demands reasonable autonomy (n = 1)
Time: • ongoing process (n = 2) • evolves over one’s lifetime (n = 2) • during the life course (n = 1) • starting at an early age(n = 1)