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Table 3 Results from the inductive content analysis of definitions

From: Health literacy in childhood and youth: a systematic review of definitions and models

Components:
• collection/set of skills (n = 6)
• competencies (n = 5)
• knowledge (n = 3)
• capacity (n = 2)
• motivation (n = 1)
• strategies (n = 1)
• comprehension (n = 1)
• communication (n = 1)
Action/Agency:
• to understand (n = 5)
• to access (n = 4)
• to use (n = 4)
• to apply (n = 3)
• to comprehend (n = 3)
• to evaluate (n = 3)
• to act (upon) (n = 3)
• to seek (out) (n = 2)
• to appraising (n = 2) the credibility, accuracy and relevance of
• to process (n = 2),
• to obtain (n = 1)
• to encompass (n = 1)
• to integrate (n = 1)
• to construct (n = 1)
• to interact with people (n = 1)
• to cope with necessary changes (n = 1)
• to organize (n = 1)
Subjects:
• (basic) health information (n = 7)
• health-related concepts (n = 1)
• health services (n = 1)
• health knowledge, attitudes and practice (n = 1)
• physical and psycho-social activities with appropriate standards (n = 1)
Sources: from a variety of platforms (n = 1)
Purposes:
• to take/make appropriate/sound health decisions (n = 3) (concerning healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion)
• to make informed choice (n = 1)
• to manage one’s health environment (n = 2)
• to maintain or improve quality of life (n = 2)
• to improve or achieve complete well-being (n = 2) to promote and maintain good health (n = 1)
• to make judgments (n = 1)
• to take more control over their health (n = 1)
• to understand themselves, others and the world (n = 1)
• to reduce health risks (n = 1)
• to change their health behaviours or living conditions (n = 1)
• to empower this group to be more engaged, more productive, and healthier (n = 1)
• to build individual and community capacity to understand the components of health (n = 1)
• the potential to influence individuals and society (n = 1)
• to understand that actions taken in youth affect health later in life (n = 1)
Age- and development-specific conditions:
• if materials are presented in ways that are age appropriate, culturally relevant, and socially supported (n = 1)
• demands reasonable autonomy (n = 1)
Time:
• ongoing process (n = 2)
• evolves over one’s lifetime (n = 2)
• during the life course (n = 1)
• starting at an early age(n = 1)