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Table 4 Significant and borderline significant two-way and three-way interaction effects on parenting practices and parental self-efficacy

From: The effect of an online video intervention ‘Movie Models’ on specific parenting practices and parental self-efficacy related to children’s physical activity, screen-time and healthy diet: a quasi experimental study

Parenting practices from T0 to T1
Univariate   n T0 T1 Time x Group Time x Group x Age Time x Group x Gender Time x Group x Parental SES
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) F P F P F P F P
Involving in household chores IG 44 3.20 (0.77) 3.30 (0.77) 4.78 0.031 3.09 0.082 0.34 0.559 0.20 0.653
CG 70 3.04 (0.84) 2.87 (0.90)         
Rules concerning TV IG 41 0.78 (0.42) 0.85 (0.36) 0.00 0.971 2.02 0.159 0.49 0.486 6.48 0.012
CG 66 0.80 (0.40) 0.88 (0.33)         
Rules concerning gaming IG 37 0.78 (0.42) 0.86 (0.35) 1.16 0.285 2.88 0.093 0.00 0.968 4.62 0.034
CG 61 0.75 (0.43) 0.92 (0.28)         
Modeling concerning TV IG 45 4.00 (0.95) 3.91 (0.97) 1.79 0.183 3.24 0.075 1.18 0.280 5.50 0.021
CG 69 3.43 (1.16) 3.59 (1.05)         
Modeling concerning gaming IG 45 3.89 (0.93) 3.60 (0.96) 2.42 0.123 0.01 0.905 0.70 0.403 7.80 0.006
CG 69 3.35 (0.98) 3.35 (0.94)         
Permissiveness concerning water (how much) IG 50 4.32 (0.98) 4.58 (0.70) 3.56 0.062 0.09 0.764 1.44 0.233 4.32 0.040
CG 69 4.62 (0.71) 4.48 (0.87)         
Being consistent concerning soft drinks IG 31 4.48 (0.51) 4.45 (0.51) 0.05 0.826 4.43 0.039 1.57 0.215 0.56 0.456
CG 42 4.48 (0.51) 4.40 (0.59)         
Parenting practices from T0 to T2
Univariate   n T0 T2 Time x Group Time x Group x Age Time x Group x Gender Time x Group x Parental SES
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) F P F P F P F P
Modeling of PA IG 49 3.27 (1.13) 3.27 (1.09) 0.00 1.000 0.34 0.563 1.12 0.291 4.64 0.034
CG 63 3.19 (1.19) 3.19 (1.13)         
Being consistent concerning TV IG 37 4.03 (0.55) 1.19 (0.66) 0.73 0.396 6.75 0.011 1.06 0.306 0.72 0.399
CG 45 3.89 (0.57) 3.93 (0.58)         
Giving an explanation concerning TV IG 37 4.22 (0.85) 4.24 (0.83) 0.10 0.750 9.06 0.004 1.88 0.175 0.02 0.891
CG 45 4.09 (0.85) 4.18 (0.68)         
Giving an explanation concerning gaming IG 28 4.43 (0.69) 4.32 (0.82) 0.29 0.591 6.65 0.012 0.59 0.444 0.29 0.593
CG 40 4.08 (0.86) 4.08 (0.73)         
Monitoring gaming IG 40 3.40 (1.30) 3.85 (0.92) 1.84 0.178 2.63 0.108 2.40 0.125 5.10 0.026
CG 54 3.57 (1.08) 3.72 (1.00)         
Modeling concerning TV IG 50 3.96 (0.97) 4.16 (0.98) 1.57 0.213 0.31 0.578 0.01 0.906 5.14 0.025
CG 63 3.49 (1.20) 3.46 (1.15)         
Motivating concerning fruit IG 51 4.04 (1.26) 4.47 (1.03) 8.00 0.006 0.24 0.624 0.18 0.677 1.69 0.196
CG 66 4.08 (1.13) 3.79 (1.21)         
Permissiveness concerning how much vegetables between meals IG 50 3.70 (1.22) 3.94 (1.06) 1.67 0.198 4.54 0.035 0.41 0.524 0.01 0.930
CG 66 4.02 (1.10) 4.00 (0.93)         
Permissiveness concerning water (when) IG 50 4.70 (0.79) 4.58 (0.79) 0.10 0.749 6.86 0.010 0.01 0.914 3.57 0.061
CG 66 4.79 (0.60) 4.71 (0.58)         
Choice concerning water IG 52 2.87 (1.52) 2.83 (1.41) 0.56 0.455 0.02 0.885 0.13 0.723 6.08 0.015
CG 66 3.24 (1.55) 3.36 (1.41)         
Being consistent concerning soft drinks IG 34 4.38 (0.49) 4.41 (0.61) 0.00 0.950 0.09 0.761 1.75 0.189 8.43 0.005
CG 47 4.45 (0.54) 4.47 (0.58)         
Giving an explanation concerning soft drinks IG 34 4.59 (0.70) 4.29 (0.72) 0.17 0.677 4.08 0.047 0.60 0.440 0.88 0.351
CG 46 4.59 (0.65) 4.22 (0.92)         
Parental self-efficacy from T0 –toT1
Univariate   n T0 T1 Time x Group Time x Group x Age Time x Group x Gender Time x Group x Parental SES
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) F P F P F P F P
SE Modeling of PA IG 44 3.16 (1.38) 3.64 (1.30) 4.05 0.046 0.03 0.862 1.00 0.319 0.00 0.990
CG 69 3.13 (1.40) 3.25 (1.29)         
SE Giving choice for PA IG 44 4.39 (0.75) 4.25 (0.94) 1.07 0.304 4.52 0.036 0.28 0.598 0.03 0.875
CG 67 4.33 (0.88) 4.36 (0.85)         
SE Modeling concerning gaming IG 44 4.07 (1.00) 4.05 (1.01) 1.11 0.294 6.25 0.014 0.00 0.959 1.05 0.307
CG 70 4.16 (0.96) 3.93 (0.98)         
SE Motivating concerning fruit IG 23 3.48 (1.27) 3.57 (1.31) 0.35 0.557 3.88 0.054 1.45 0.234 4.85 0.032
CG 35 3.09 (1.44) 3.46 (1.27)         
SE Choice concerning fruit IG 46 4.20 (1.02) 4.43 (0.83) 1.12 0.292 10.06 0.002 0.11 0.738 0.98 0.325
CG 67 4.46 (0.86) 4.46 (0.64)         
SE Availability of fruit IG 47 4.70 (0.69) 4.79 (0.55) 0.79 0.375 5.64 0.019 0.00 0.979 3.85 0.052
CG 67 4.84 (0.41) 4.81 (0.47)         
SE Modeling concerning vegetables IG 46 4.87 (0.40) 4.87 (0.40) 0.87 0.353 0.28 0.599 5.69 0.019 0.20 0.658
CG 68 4.88 (0.37) 4.79 (0.48)         
SE Availability of vegetables IG 47 4.72 (0.54) 4.77 (0.56) 0.01 0.932 9.63 0.002 0.21 0.650 1.26 0.264
CG 67 4.73 (0.59) 4.77 (0.56)         
SE Giving an explanation concerning soft drinks IG 30 4.57 (0.63) 4.63 (0.56) 0.28 0.601 4.27 0.043 8.62 0.005 0.00 0.968
CG 42 4.57 (0.74) 4.50 (0.92)         
Parental self-efficacy from T0 to T2
Univariate   n T0 T2 Time x Group Time x Group x Age Time x Group x Gender Time x Group x Parental SES
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) F P F P F P F P
SE Permission concerning gaming IG 50 4.30 (0.87) 4.20 (1.09) 0.78 0.380 4.25 0.042 1.06 0.306 0.44 0.509
CG 65 4.35 (0.87) 4.06 (1.03)         
SE Involving concerning fruit IG 51 4.29 (0.88) 4.45 (1.03) 0.72 0.398 4.85 0.030 0.94 0.334 0.02 0.899
CG 67 4.55 (0.82) 4.54 (0.78)         
SE Motivating concerning vegetables IG 41 3.05 (1.38) 3.66 (1.22) 4.95 0.029 0.27 0.608 0.32 0.576 2.25 0.137
CG 51 3.41 (1.37) 3.51 (1.25)         
SE Availability of vegetables IG 51 4.78 (0.46) 4.69 (0.58) 4.79 0.031 0.08 0.785 0.05 0.823 0.02 0.903
CG 66 4.68 (0.64) 4.79 (0.51)         
SE Involving concerning vegetables IG 51 4.08 (1.07) 4.18 (1.18) 1.30 0.257 6.00 0.016 1.91 0.169 2.20 0.141
CG 66 4.48 (0.85) 4.35 (0.95)         
SE Permissiveness concerning water (when) IG 48 4.17 (1.33) 4.56 (0.71) 6.07 0.015 0.08 0.777 0.00 0.996 0.11 0.742
CG 62 4.73 (0.58) 4.63 (0.79)         
  1. IG intervention group, CG control group, SE self-efficacy
  2. Significant p-values are indicated in bold; borderline significant p-values are indicated in bold italic
  3. All intervention effects (significant and non-significant) can be found in Additional file 3: Table S2