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Table 3 Prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals of poor subjective health by disaster-induced changes in socioeconomic status after adjusted for each lifestyle-related factors among 14,913 men and 18,437 women aged 20–64 years in Fukushima Health Management Survey, Fukushima, 2012

From: Lifestyle-related factors that explain disaster-induced changes in socioeconomic status and poor subjective health: a cross-sectional study from the Fukushima health management survey

 

Unchanged

Changed

Percentage of excess risk explained

Men

 No. of participants

4133

10,780

 

 No. of cases

354

1858

 

 Model 1a

1.00 (reference)

2.02 (1.81–2.24)

   + Smoking

1.00 (reference)

2.01 (1.81–2.24)

1.0%

   + Alcohol consumption

1.00 (reference)

2.02 (1.82–2.25)

0.0%

   + Satisfaction of sleep

1.00 (reference)

1.64 (1.48–1.82)

37.3%

   + Participation in recreation and community activity

1.00 (reference)

1.84 (1.66–2.05)

17.6%

   + Regular exercise

1.00 (reference)

2.02 (1.81–2.24)

0.0%

Women

 No. of participants

5302

13,135

 

 No. of cases

529

2383

 

 Model 1

1.00 (reference)

1.80 (1.65–1.97)

   + Smoking

1.00 (reference)

1.77 (1.64–1.96)

3.8%

   + Alcohol consumption

1.00 (reference)

1.79 (1.64–1.96)

1.3%

   + Satisfaction of sleep

1.00 (reference)

1.47 (1.35–1.61)

41.3%

   + Participation in recreation and community activity

1.00 (reference)

1.71 (1.56–1.87)

11.3%

   + Regular exercise

1.00 (reference)

1.81 (1.66–1.97)

−1.3%

  1. aModel 1 was adjusted for age (5-year categories), history of diseases (hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, cancer, stroke, heart disease, chronic hepatitis, pneumoia, bone fracture, or thyroid disease), history of mental illness (yes or no), activities of daily living (go shopping for daily necessities; can do by myself or can’t do by mysefl), education (elementary school • junior high school, high school, or vocational college/ junior college or university • graduate school), and evacuation place (Fukushima or other prefecture)