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Table 3 Prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals of poor subjective health by disaster-induced changes in socioeconomic status after adjusted for each lifestyle-related factors among 14,913 men and 18,437 women aged 20–64 years in Fukushima Health Management Survey, Fukushima, 2012

From: Lifestyle-related factors that explain disaster-induced changes in socioeconomic status and poor subjective health: a cross-sectional study from the Fukushima health management survey

  Unchanged Changed Percentage of excess risk explained
Men
 No. of participants 4133 10,780  
 No. of cases 354 1858  
 Model 1a 1.00 (reference) 2.02 (1.81–2.24)
   + Smoking 1.00 (reference) 2.01 (1.81–2.24) 1.0%
   + Alcohol consumption 1.00 (reference) 2.02 (1.82–2.25) 0.0%
   + Satisfaction of sleep 1.00 (reference) 1.64 (1.48–1.82) 37.3%
   + Participation in recreation and community activity 1.00 (reference) 1.84 (1.66–2.05) 17.6%
   + Regular exercise 1.00 (reference) 2.02 (1.81–2.24) 0.0%
Women
 No. of participants 5302 13,135  
 No. of cases 529 2383  
 Model 1 1.00 (reference) 1.80 (1.65–1.97)
   + Smoking 1.00 (reference) 1.77 (1.64–1.96) 3.8%
   + Alcohol consumption 1.00 (reference) 1.79 (1.64–1.96) 1.3%
   + Satisfaction of sleep 1.00 (reference) 1.47 (1.35–1.61) 41.3%
   + Participation in recreation and community activity 1.00 (reference) 1.71 (1.56–1.87) 11.3%
   + Regular exercise 1.00 (reference) 1.81 (1.66–1.97) −1.3%
  1. aModel 1 was adjusted for age (5-year categories), history of diseases (hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, cancer, stroke, heart disease, chronic hepatitis, pneumoia, bone fracture, or thyroid disease), history of mental illness (yes or no), activities of daily living (go shopping for daily necessities; can do by myself or can’t do by mysefl), education (elementary school • junior high school, high school, or vocational college/ junior college or university • graduate school), and evacuation place (Fukushima or other prefecture)