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Table 5 Energy intake and daily nutrients intake by tertiles of the EVIDENT diet index (Women (n = 937))

From: The EVIDENT diet quality index is associated with cardiovascular risk and arterial stiffness in adults

  TERTILE 1<51.43 TERTILE 2 (51.43 to 53.85) TERTILE 3 >53.85  
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD p value
Energy intake(Kcal/day)c 2415.0 ± 844.4 2319.5 ± 736.1 2502.9 ± 785.2 0.019
Carbohydrate (g/day)ac 257.8 ± 111.0 250.7 ± 94.4 278.1 ± 113.0 0.005
Protein (g/day)bc 100.4 ± 31.9 103.0 ± 30.1 111.1 ± 29.5 <0.001
Total fat (g/day)a 105.8 ± 39.9 96.6 ± 35.8 101.0 ± 35.8 0.012
Saturated fat (g/day)ab 33.9 ± 13.3 29.0 ± 12.4 27.1 ± 10.5 <0.001
Fiber (g/day)abc 19.7 ± 9.1 25.9 ± 9.1 33.4 ± 12.5 <0.001
Cholesterol (g/day)b 467.5 ± 175.7 449.8 ± 174.8 436.0 ± 162.2 0.080
Carbohydrate (%)b 42.15 ± 7.08 42.97 ± 7.18 43.89 ± 7.68 0.016
Protein (%)ab 17.07 ± 3.27 18.14 ± 3.19 18.25 ± 3.60 <0.001
Total fat (%)ab 39.41 ± 6.39 37.34 ± 6.22 36.32 ± 6.43 <0.001
Alcohol (%) 1.37 ± 2.51 1.55 ± 2.39 1.54 ± 2.82 0.655
Mediterranean Diet Adherence Score abc 6.8 ± 1.9 7.6 ± 1.7 8.6 ± 1.6 <0.001
  1. Categorical variables are expressed as n (%) and continuous variables as mean ± standard deviation
  2. p: statistically significant differences (p < 0.05)
  3. Post hoc differences: aT1 and T2; bT1 and T3; cT2 and T3