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Table 3 Baseline characteristics by tertiles of EVIDENT index score (Women (n = 937))

From: The EVIDENT diet quality index is associated with cardiovascular risk and arterial stiffness in adults

  TERTILE 1 <51.43 TERTILE 2 (51.43 to 53.85) TERTILE 3 >53.85  
Mean or N (SD or %) Mean or N (SD or %) Mean or N (SD or %) p value
Age (years) 48.8 ± 14.6 55.1 ± 13.5 57.6 ± 11.5 <0.001
Hypertension (n, %) 87 (29.4) 112 (38.5) 105 (35.8) 0.058
Diabetes (n, %) 22 (7.4) 23 (7.9) 27 (9.1) 0.749
Dyslipidemia (n, %) 94 (33.2) 129 (45.3) 134 (45.9) 0.003
Antihypertensive agents (n, %) 61 (20.6) 75 (25.8) 78 (26.3) 0.206
Antidiabetic agents (n, %) 11 (3.7) 17 (5.8) 21 (7.1) 0.196
Lipid-lowering agents (n, %) 25 (8.4) 42 (14.4) 64 (21.5) <0.001
SBP (mmHg) 119.8 ± 16.9 122.2 ± 18.2 120.4 ± 17.0 0.226
DBP (mmHg) 74.9 ± 11.1 76.0 ± 10.3 75.7 ± 10.3 0.478
Heart rate (bpm) 75.2 ± 11.4 72.1 ± 10.5 72.2 ± 10.4 <0.001
Insulinemia (mg/dL) 8.10 ± 5.92 7.44 ± 6.02 7.72 ± 5.29 0.420
Glycosilated haemoglobin (%) 5.51 ± 0.72 5.64 ± 0.70 5.63 ± 0.72 0.058
Glucose (mg/dL) 90.8 ± 22.6 92.2 ± 18.8 93.0 ± 22.4 0.453
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 212.7 ± 38.9 221.3 ± 39.4 215.9 ± 35.9 0.025
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 102.4 ± 58.9 110.4 ± 90.8 113.4 ± 113.4 0.329
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 62.7 ± 16.6 64.1 ± 15.3 63.4 ± 14.7 0.555
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 129.5 ± 34.4 136.5 ± 35.8 132.3 ± 32.6 0.050
BMI (Kg/m2) 26.2 ± 5.1 26.9 ± 5.2 26.3 ± 4.2 0.204
Obesity (n, %) 61 (20.6) 65 (22.3) 44 (14.9) 0.058
Waist circumference (cm) 88.7 ± 12.8 90.5 ± 11.5 89.6 ± 11.1 0.166
Smoking status
 Non smoker (n, %) 146 (49.5) 169 (58.1) 186 (62.6) <0.001
 Exsmoker (n, %) 58 (19.7) 67 (23.0) 64 (21.6)  
 Current smoker (n, %) 91 (30.8) 55 (18.9) 47 (15.8)  
RCV (D’Agostino) 7.1 ± 7.6 9.0 ± 9.9 8.5 ± 7.2 0.020
PWV (m/s) (n = 263) 6.98 ± 1.67 7.46 ± 1.73 7.12 ± 1.73 0.386
  1. Categorical variables are expressed as n (%) and continuous variables as mean ± standard deviation
  2. p: statistically significant differences (p < 0.05)
  3. T Tertile, SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, BMI Body mass index, CVR Cardiovascular risk, PWV Pulse wave velocity