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Table 2 Basic characteristics divided on the levels of perceived stress

From: Perceived stress among 20-21 year-olds and their future labour market participation – an eight-year follow-up study

  Perceived stress N = 1640  
Low N = 757 Medium N = 780 High N = 103 p
n (%) or mean (SD) n (%) or mean (SD) n (%) or mean (SD)
Gender     0.002d
 Female (%) 409 (54.0) 462 (59.2) 73 (70.9)  
 Male (%) 348 (46.0) 318 (40.8) 30 (29.1)  
Household (parents’) income     0.004d
 Lowest (%) 95 (12.6) 130 (16.7) 27 (26.2)  
 Medium (%) 437 (57.7) 447 (57.3) 51 (49.5)  
 Highest (%) 225 (29.7) 203 (26.0) 25 (24.3)  
Secondary Education     <0.001d
 Completed (%) 603 (79.7) 543 (69.6) 61 (59.2)  
 Not completed (%) 154 (20.3) 237 (30.4) 42 (40.8)  
LMPa in 2004     <0.001d
 Active (%) 633 (83.6) 605 (77.6) 64 (62.1)  
 Passive (%) 124 (16.4) 175 (22.4) 37 (37.9)  
Self-assessed socioeconomic statusb, mean (SD) 6.2 (1.5) 5.5 (1.6) 4.3 (1.9) <0.001e
Self-rated health     <0.001d
 Excellent/very good (%) 562 (74.2) 386 (49.5) 21 (20.4)  
 Good/less good/bad (%) 195 (25.8) 394 (50.5) 82 (79.6)  
Active coping strategyc, mean (SD) 3.0 (0.5) 2.7 (0.5) 2.5 (0.5) <0.001e
Avoidance coping strategyc, mean (SD) 1.5 (0.3) 1.7 (0.4) 2 (0.5) <0.001e
  1. SD standard deviation, a LMP labour market participation, bScale from 0 to 10;higher = better, cScale from 0 to 6;higher = more, d = Fishers’ exact test, e = Kruskal-Wallis equality-of-populations rank test