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Table 5 Association between SEI-HS and known risk factors and correlates (development sample) and comparison with SCP index

From: Social Exclusion Index-for Health Surveys (SEI-HS): a prospective nationwide study to extend and validate a multidimensional social exclusion questionnaire

  SEI-HS SCP indexa
(Development sample: N = 129.464) (N = 574)
βb p βb p
Educational level Low educational level (no education and primary school) 0.18 *** 0.12 **
Ethnic background Non-Western ethnic background 0.27 *** 0.18 **
Family situation Single parent with underage child(ren) 0.07 *** 0.13 **
Living alone 0.19 *** 0.16 **
Labour market position (64 years or younger) Unemployed and/or recipient of social security or disability benefits. (SCP: Receives unemployment benefit, disability benefit or social assistance benefit) 0.31 *** −0.03 ns
No paid job 0.21 *** 0.02 ns
Income Low incomec (SCP: Less than average household income) 0.26 *** 0.23 **
Health Self-rated health fair or poor 0.31 *** 0.19 **
Diagnosed with at least one chronic condition. (SCP: Suffers from a disability or a chronic condition) 0.13 *** 0.09 *
Severe functional limitations in mobility, vision or hearing 0.27 ***   
High risk for anxiety and depression disorder. (SCP: Low subjective well-being)d 0.36 *** 0.30 **
Neighbourhood Living in deprived neighbourhood 0.18 ***   
  1. Explanatory note. Linear regression analyses were used to assess relationships between SEI-HS and known risk factors and correlates. Construct validity was considered satisfactory if at least 75% of the associations were in correspondence with predefined hypotheses
  2. * Significant effect, p < 0.05; ** Significant effect, p < 0.01; *** Significant effect, p < 0.001; ns Not significant, p > =0.05
  3. aVrooman and Hoff [34]
  4. bStandardised regression coefficients
  5. cLow income = lowest quintile standardised of yearly household income (2010) i.e. below 15.200 Euro. (Data obtained from Statistics Netherlands)
  6. dKessler psychological distress scale (K10), score 30 or higher