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Table 3 Bivariable association between health risk behaviours and psychosocial factors among Vietnamese HIV positive outpatients (N = 400)

From: The association between symptoms of mental disorders and health risk behaviours in Vietnamese HIV positive outpatients: a cross-sectional study

Psychosocial and mental health factors Unsafe sexual practices Illicit drug use
Yes n (%) No n (%) P OR (95% CI) Yes n (%) No n (%) p OR (95% CI)
Have family members diagnosed HIV positive
 Yes 25 (20.5) 97 (79.5) 0.009 2.13 (1.19–3.81) 3 (2.5) 119 (97.5) 0.096 0.34 (0.10–1.18)
 No 30 (10.8) 248 (89.2)   1 19 (6.8) 259 (93.2)   1
HIV status disclosure
 Yes 50 (13.7) 314 (86.3) 0.999 0.99 (0.37–2.66) 21 (5.8) 343 (94.2) 0.708 2.14 (0.28–16.41)
 No 5 (13.9) 31 (86.1)   1 1 (2.8) 35 (97.2)   1
Family support
 Yes 48 (13.3) 312 (86.7) 0.468 0.73 (0.30–1.73) 22 (6.1) 338 (93.9) 0.149 NA
 No 7 (17.5) 33 (82.5)   1 0 40 (100)   
Social support
 Yes 19 (20.9) 72 (79.1) 0.025 2.00 (1.08–3.70) 7 (7.7) 84 (92.3) 0.297 1.63 (0.64–4.14)
 No 36 (11.7) 273 (88.3)   1 15 (4.9) 294 (95.1)   1
Professional support
 Yes 27 (11.0) 219 (89.0) 0.042 0.55 (0.31–0.98) a 14 (5.7) 232 (94.3) 0.832 1.10 (0.45–2.69)
 No 28 (18.2) 126 (81.8)   1 8 (5.2) 146 (94.8)   1
Number of stressful life experiences in past 30 days
 0 7 (14.3) 42 (85.7) 0.439 1 2 (4.1) 47 (95.9) 0.929 1
 1–2 18 (13.1) 119 (86.9)   0.91 (0.35–2.33) 8 (5.8) 129 (94.2)   1.46 (0.30–7.11)
 3–4 16 (11.2) 127 (88.8)   0.76 (0.29–1.96) 7 (4.9) 136 (95.1)   1.21 (0.24–6.03)
 5–6 11 (22.0) 39 (78.0)   1.69 (0.60–4.80) 4 (8.0) 46 (92.0)   2.04 (0.36–11.71)
 > 6 3 (14.3) 18 (85.7)   1.00 (0.23–4.31) 1 (4.8) 20 (95.2)   1.17 (0.10–13.71)
Symptoms of alcohol use disorder (WHO-AUDIT) b
 Yes 7 (13.2) 46 (86.8) 0.902 0.95 (0.40–2.22) 3 (5.7) 50 (94.3) 0.999 1.04 (0.30–3.63)
 No 48 (13.8) 299 (86.2)   1 19 (5.5) 328 (94.5)   1
Symptoms of substance use disorder (DAST) b
 Yes 2 (15.4) 11 (84.6) 0.696 1.15 (0.25–5.31) 10 (76.9) 3 (23.1) <0.001 104.17 (25.37–427.71)
 No 53 (13.7) 334 (86.3)   1 12 (3.1) 375 (96.9)   1
Anxiety symptoms (PVPS-A) b
 Yes 7 (16.7) 35 (83.3) 0.562 1.29 (0.54–3.07) 2 (4.8) 40 (95.2) 0.999 0.85 (0.19–3.75)
 No 48 (13.4) 310 (86.6)   1 20 (5.6) 338 (94.4)   1
Depressive symptoms (CES-D) b
 Yes 19 (13.0) 127 (87.0) 0.746 0.91 (0.50–1.65) 9 (6.2) 137 (93.8) 0.659 1.22 (0.51–2.92)
 No 36 (14.2) 218 (85.8)   1 13 (5.1) 241 (94.9)   1
Symptoms of HIV associated dementia (IHDS) b
 Yes 22 (13.8) 137 (86.2) 0.967 1.01 (0.57–1.81) 8 (5.0) 151 (95.0) 0.738 0.86 (0.35–2.10)
 No 33 (13.7) 208 (86.3)   1 14 (5.8) 227 (94.2)   1
  1. aReversed OR = 1.82; 95% CI 1.02–3.23. bYes = Above cutoff, No = Below cutoff