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Table 1 Bivariable association between health risk behaviours and socio-demographic characteristics among Vietnamese HIV positive outpatients (N = 400)

From: The association between symptoms of mental disorders and health risk behaviours in Vietnamese HIV positive outpatients: a cross-sectional study

Demographic Unsafe sexual practices Illicit drug use
Yes n (%) No n (%) p OR (95% CI) Yes n (%) No n (%) p OR (95% CI)
Sex
 Female 25 (17.1) 121 (82.9) 0.137 1 2 (1.4) 144 (98.6) 0.005 1
 Male 30 (11.8) 224 (88.2)   0.65 (0.36–1.15) 20 (7.9) 234 (92.1)   6.25 (1.41–25.00)
Sexual orientation
 Heterosexual 51 (14.5) 300 (85.5) 0.370 1 18 (5.1) 333 (94.9) 0.273 1
 Homosexual/Bisexual 3 (13.0) 20 (87.0)   0.88 (0.25–3.08) 1 (4.3) 22 (95.7)   0.84 (0.11–6.59)
 Unsure/Not answered 1 (3.8) 25 (96.2)   0.24 (0.03–1.77) 3 (11.5) 23 (88.5)   2.41 (0.66–8.79)
Age in years
 ≤ 30 21 (21.0) 79 (79.0) 0.035 1 7 (7.0) 93 (93.0) 0.642 1
 31–40 29 (12.2) 208 (87.8)   0.52 (0.28–0.97) 13 (5.5) 224 (94.5)   0.77 (0.30–1.99)
 ≥ 40 5 (7.9) 58 (92.1)   0.32 (0.12–0.91) 2 (3.2) 61 (96.8)   0.44 (0.09–2.17)
 Median (IQR) 31 (30–37) 34 (31–38) 0.022 0.95 (0.90–0.99) 33.5 (29–36) 34 (31–38) 0.526 0.98 (0.91–1.05)
Work status
 Unemployed/Casual 21 (13.8) 131 (86.2) 0.893 1 8 (5.3) 144 (94.7) 0.862 1
 Part-time 9 (13.0) 60 (87.0)   0.94 (0.40–2.16) 4 (5.8) 65 (94.2)   1.11 (0.32–3.81)
 Full-time 16 (12.7) 110 (87.3)   0.91 (0.45–1.82) 6 (4.8) 120 (95.2)   0.90 (0.30–2.67)
 Not working 9 (17.0) 44 (83.0)   1.28 (0.54–2.99) 4 (7.5) 49 (92.5)   1.47 (0.42–5.09)
Highest level of education completed
 ≤ Primary school 20 (14.4) 119 (85.6) 0.030 1 a 8 (5.8) 131 (94.2) 0.873 1
 Secondary school 13 (8.6) 138 (91.4)   0.56 (0.27–1.17) 9 (6.0) 142 (94.0)   1.04 (0.39–2.77)
 ≥ High school 22 (20.0) 88 (80.0)   1.49 (0.76–2.89) 5 (4.5) 105 (95.5)   0.78 (0.25–2.45)
Marital status
 Single 14 (11.3) 110 (88.7) 0.620 1 14 (11.3) 110 (88.7) 0.002 1 b
 Married/Living as a couple 33 (15.1) 186 (84.9)   1.39 (0.71–2.72) 8 (3.7) 211 (96.3)   0.30 (0.12–0.73)
 Divorced/Separated/Widowed 8 (14.0) 49 (86.0)   1.28 (0.51–3.26) 0 57 (100)   NA
Parental status
 Yes 29 (13.2) 190 (86.8) 0.746 0.91 (0.51–1.61) 3 (1.4) 216 (98.6) <0.001 0.12 (0.03–0.41) c
 No 26 (14.4) 155 (85.6)   1 19 (10.5) 162 (89.5)   1
Religious affiliation
 Yes 16 (15.4) 88 (84.6) 0.574 1.20 (0.64–2.25) 5 (4.8) 99 (95.2) 0.719 0.83 (0.30–2.31)
 No 39 (13.2) 257 (86.8)   1 17 (5.7) 279 (94.3)   1
Economic status
 Very poor/Poor 15 (8.6) 159 (91.4) 0.009 1 11 (6.3) 163 (93.7) 0.527 1.32 (0.56–3.12)
 Average/Rich 40 (17.7) 186 (82.3)   2.27 (1.22–4.35) 11 (4.9) 215 (95.1)   1
Source of HIV infection
 Sexual transmission 34 (15.2) 190 (84.8) 0.211 1 4 (1.8) 220 (98.2) 0.001 1
 Injected drug use 11 (9.2) 108 (90.8)   0.57 (0.28–1.17) 13 (10.9) 106 (89.1)   6.75 (2.15–21.18)
 Others 10 (17.5) 47 (82.5)   1.19 (0.55–2.58) 5 (8.8) 52 (91.2)   5.29 (1.37–20.38)
  1. aOR ≥ High school vs Secondary school = 2.65, 95%CI 1.20–6.03
  2. bOR Single vs Married/Living as couple = 3.33, 95%CI 1.37–8.33
  3. cReversed OR = 8.33; 95%CI 2.44–33.33