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Table 2 Body composition and metabolic syndrome components according to physical activity level

From: Association of physical activity on body composition, cardiometabolic risk factors, and prevalence of cardiovascular disease in the Korean population (from the fifth Korea national health and nutrition examination survey, 2008–2011)

  LOW
(n = 5309)
(20.2%)
Moderate
(n = 11,997)
(45.6%)
High
(n = 8988)
(34.2%)
p value
ASM (kg) 17.1 ± 4.6 17.7 ± 4.7 19.2 ± 4.9 0.001
ASM/weight (%) 18.9 ± 13.7 20.2 ± 13.5 21.7 ± 13.9 0.001
Sarcopenia 509 (14.3) 892 (10.5) 477 (7.3) 0.001
BMI > 25 kg/m2 260 (4.9) 539 (4.5) 441 (4.9) 0.289
BMI < 18.5 kg/m2 301 (5.7) 587 (4.9) 311 (3.5) 0.001
Sarcopenic obesity 157 (4.4) 321 (3.8) 252 (3.9) 0.274
Metabolic syndrome 428 (8.1) 846 (7.1) 645 (7.2) 0.054
aCentral obesity 413 (7.8) 823 (6.9) 564 (6.3) 0.002
 High triglyceride 1515 (30.6) 3292 (28.7) 2453 (28.1) 0.006
 Low HDL 1667 (33.7) 3558 (31.0) 2324 (26.6) 0.001
 Hypertension 2099 (39.5) 4155 (34.6) 3142 (35.0) 0.001
 Diabetes mellitus 669 (12.6) 1302 (10.9) 1074 (11.9) 0.002
  1. ASM appendicular skeletal muscle mass, BMI body mass index, HDL high-density lipoprotein
  2. aWaist circumference of ≥90 cm for male subjects and ≥85 cm for female subjects