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Table 4 Multiple linear regression models for associations of toddlers’ and parental demographic variables with parental-reported screen time, television, and video/computer games and accelerometer-derived moderate-to vigorous-intensity physical activity

From: Demographic correlates of screen time and objectively measured sedentary time and physical activity among toddlers: a cross-sectional study

Demographic variables Screen time (min/day)b Television (min/day)b Video/computer games (min/day)b MVPA (min/day)a,b
β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI) β (95% CI)
Toddlers’ characteristics
 Age (months) 9.3 (2.8, 15.8)** 8.0 (1.2, 14.8)** - -
 Sex
  Male Reference Reference - Reference
  Female 27.1 (2.5, 51.8)** 23.5 (−2.0, 49.1) - –8.2 (−14.9, −1.6)**
 Race/Ethnicity
  European-Canadian/Caucasian Reference Reference Reference -
  Other 45.7 (17.4, 73.9)** 39.8 (10.4, 69.1)** 14.0 (2.0, 26.0)** -
 Main type of child care
  Parental Reference Reference Reference  
  Child care center −52.5 (−88.2, -16.7)** −39.6 (-76.7, −2.4)** −17.6 (-32.9, −2.3)** -
  Day home −30.4 (−69.4, 8.6) −3.9 (−44.4, 36.7) −18.7 (−35.2, −2.3)** -
  Other −24.1 (−53.5, 5.4) −13.6 (−44.2, 16.9) −16.0 (−28.6, −3.4)** -
 Number of Siblings
  None - - - Reference
  1 - - - 6.6 (−0.6, 13.9)
   ≥ 2 - - - 0.6 (−9.1, 10.3)
Parental characteristics
 Country of Birth
  Canada Reference Reference Reference -
  Other 28.3 (−3.2, 59.9) 22.2 (−10.6, 55.0) 11.1 (−2.3, 24.5) -
 Household income
   > $100,000 Reference Reference Reference -
  $50,001 to $100,000 39.2 (13.0, 65.5)** 35.2 (7.9, 62.5)** 8.8 (-2.5, 20.0) -
   ≤ $50,000 36.8 (-4.0, 77.6) 31.4 (-11.0, 73.8) 13.8 (-3.7, 31.2) -
  1. β (95% CI) unstandardized beta coefficients and 95% confidence intervals, min/day minutes per day, MVPA moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity
  2. **P < 0.05
  3. aCorrected for wear time using the residuals method
  4. bModel accounts for 34% of the variance in screen time, 25% of the variance for television viewing, 20% of the variance for video/computer game use, and 7% of the variance for MVPA