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Table 7 Prevalence of Select Co-morbiditiesa by Sex and HIV Statusb

From: Cardiometabolic risk in a population of older adults with multiple co-morbidities in rural south africa: the HAALSI (Health and Aging in Africa: longitudinal studies of INDEPTH communities) study

Number of Co-Morbiditiesa ≥2 (%)
n = 2,820
≥3 (%)
n = 1,239
≥4 (%)
n = 344
HIV 50.5 21.6 5.3
Male 41.9 15.8 2.9
Female 57.9 26.6 7.4
HIV+ 34.6 12.0 3.3
Male 28.2 9.0 2.5
Female 40.0 14.6 3.9
  1. aComorbidities are clinically measured hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, angina (Rose criteria only), BMI > 30, HIV status and self-reported history of heart failure, myocardial infarction, and stroke.
  2. bHIV status is defined as self-report and positive on assay analysis.