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Table 2 Repeated measures analysis of clinical and metabolic characteristic from baseline to year 1 and 3 in the Diabetes in Europe Prevention Using Lifestyle, Physical Activity and Nutritional Intervention (DE-PLAN) project (n = 105)

From: Sustained diabetes risk reduction after real life and primary health care setting implementation of the diabetes in Europe prevention using lifestyle, physical activity and nutritional intervention (DE-PLAN) project

   Baseline Change from baseline to year 1 Change from baseline to year 3 P value
No. Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Baseline vs after 1 year Baseline vs after 2 years 1 year vs 3 years Repeated measures all changes
Weight (kg) 105 82,85 15,20 −2,27 5,25 −1,14 5,83 0,000 0,143 0,041 0,048
BMI (kg/m2) 105 31,10 4,93 −0,84 1,91 −0,35 2,18 0,000 0,000 0,018 0,000
WC (cm) 105 96,67 11,41 −3,95 5,71 −0,62 7,40 0,000 1,000 0,000 0,100
SBP (mmHg) 105 130,72 14,09 −1,97 15,58 0,11 16,50 0,593 1,000 0,472 0,313
DBP (mmHg) 105 80,80 8,97 −1,36 9,10 −0,56 10,25 0,385 1,000 0,955 0,579
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 105 5,22 0,72 0,17 0,67 0,13 0,68 0,066 0,067 1,000 0,037
2-h OGTT glucose (mmol/l) 105 5,78 1,75 0,29 2,12 0,21 2,45 0,485 1,000 1,000 0,373
TCH ( mmol/l) 105 5,55 0,94 −0,26 1,16 −0,29 1,03 0,065 0,016 1,000 0,013
HDL ( mmol/l) 105 1,39 0,35 −0,05 0,28 −0,05 0,54 0,027 0,053 1,000 0,352
TG ( mmol/l) 105 1,77 1,38 −0,14 1,33 −0,23 1,23 0,130 0,120 0,560 0,061
FINDRISK 105 18,57 3,09 −2,81 3,64 −2,27 4,28 0,000 0,000 0,503 0,000
  1. Key: BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, OGTT oral glucose tolerance test, TCH total cholesterol, HDL high density lipoprotein, TG triglycerides