Skip to main content

Table 1 Prevalence of selected characteristics among all participants and associations with anti-HCV, HIV and HIV/HCV infection status

From: HCV screening in a cohort of HIV infected and uninfected homeless and marginally housed women in San Francisco, California

Variable Prevalence of characteristicb(N = 246) HIV/HCV coinfected (N = 69) HCV mono-infected (N = 44) HIV mono-infected (N = 58) Non-infected (N = 75)  
  N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) p-valuea
# Completed surveys 246 (100) 69 (28) 44 (18) 58 (24) 75 (30)  
Reported a previous positive test for HCVb
 Yes 88 (36) 51 (75) 29 (67) 6 (10) 2 (3) <.0001
 No/Skipped 155 (64) 17 (25) 14 (33) 52 (90) 72 (97)  
Race
 Nonwhite 176 (72) 48 (27) 28 (16) 44 (25) 56 (32) 0.5
 White 70 (28) 21 (30) 16 (23) 14 (20) 19 (27)  
Age, median (IQR) 48 (42–54) 50 (46–54) 50 (46–54) 45 (40–51) 47 (41–54) 0.0092
Birth cohort
 After 1965 69 (28) 10 (14) 10 (14) 25 (36) 24 (35) 0.0029
 1965 and earlier 177 (72) 59 (33) 34 (19) 33 (19) 51 (29)  
High school graduate
 No 86 (35) 37 (43) 15 (17) 21 (24) 13 (15) 0.0001
 Yes 160 (65) 32 (20) 29 (18) 37 (23) 62 (39)  
Sexual Orientation
 Heterosexual 190 (77) 52 (27) 31 (16) 49 (26) 58 (31) 0.39
 Lesbian/Bi-sexual 56 (23) 17 (30) 13 (23) 9 (16) 17 (30)  
Recent income (past 6 months): $, median (IQR) 934 (812–1149) 908 (800–1025) 973 (800–1200) 935 (845–1175) 949 (659–1375) 0.41
Physical Health Score, median (IQR) 39 (30–48) 36 (29–45) 38 (29–49) 37 (30–47) 42 (32–52) 0.13
Mental Health Score, median (IQR) 43 (34–55) 43 (36–53) 43 (32–57) 43 (32–53) 45 (34–55) 0.9
Primary care visit in last 6 months
 Yes 203 (83) 64 (32) 31 (15) 55 (27) 53 (26) <.0001
 No 43 (17) 5 (12) 13 (30) 3 (7) 22 (51)  
Current depression
 Yes 129 (54) 30 (23) 21 (16) 35 (27) 43 (33) 0.11
 No 108 (46) 38 (35) 21 (19) 20 (19) 29 (27)  
No. of psychiatric diagnoses, median (IQR) 7 (4–10) 9 (5–13) 9 (5–11) 7 (4–9) 5 (3–9) 0.0005
Risk exposures in the past 6 months:
Incarcerated
 Yes 28 (11) 10 (36) 2 (7) 7 (25) 9 (32) 0.42
 No 218 (89) 59 (27) 42 (19) 51 (23) 66 (30)  
Slept in a public place or homeless shelter
 Yes 59 (24) 14 (24) 11 (19) 12 (20) 22 (37) 0.56
 No 187 (76) 55 (29) 33 (18) 46 (25) 53 (28)  
Unmet subsistence needs
 Yes 104 (42) 31 (30) 18 (17) 25 (24) 30 (29) 0.94
 No 142 (58) 38 (27) 26 (18) 33 (23) 45 (32)  
Sex for money
 Yes 23 (9) 1 (4) 10 (43) 8 (35) 4 (17) 0.0005
 No 223 (91) 68 (30) 34 (15) 50 (22) 71 (32)  
Sex for drugs
 Yes 15 (6) 1 (7) 4 (27) 6 (40) 4 (27) 0.12
 No 231 (94) 68 (29) 40 (17) 52 (23) 71 (31)  
Heavy drinking
 Yes 50 (20) 16 (32) 11 (22) 11 (22) 12 (24) 0.6
 No 196 (80) 53 (27) 33 (17) 47 (24) 63 (32)  
Binge drinking
 Yes 96 (39) 31 (32) 18 (19) 19 (20) 28 (29) 0.55
 No 150 (61) 38 (25) 26 (17) 39 (26) 47 (31)  
Injection drug use
 Yes 47 (19) 18 (38) 14 (30) 7 (15) 8 (17) 0.0071
 No 199 (81) 51 (26) 30 (15) 51 (26) 67 (34)  
Crack use
 Yes 114 (46) 38 (33) 22 (19) 25 (22) 29 (25) 0.22
 No 132 (54) 31 (23) 22 (17) 33 (25) 46 (35)  
Cocaine use
 Yes 30 (12) 10 (33) 5 (17) 5 (17) 10 (33) 0.76
 No 216 (88) 59 (27) 39 (18) 53 (25) 65 (30)  
Methamphetamine use
 Yes 51 (21) 12 (24) 11 (22) 9 (18) 19 (37) 0.41
 No 195 (79) 57 (29) 33 (17) 49 (25) 56 (29)  
Heroin use
 Yes 31 (13) 13 (42) 10 (32) 4 (13) 4 (13) 0.0074
 No 215 (87) 56 (26) 34 (16) 54 (25) 71 (33)  
  1. a P values for medians were obtained using the Kruskal-Wallis test; Categorical variable p values use either the Chi-square test (if all cell counts are greater than 5), or Fisher’s Exact test (if one or more cell counts less than or equal to 5)
  2. bPercentages are column percents