Skip to main content

Table 1 Key messages and main contents of the staged early interventions

From: A 3-Arm randomised controlled trial of Communicating Healthy Beginnings Advice by Telephone (CHAT) to mothers with infants to prevent childhood obesity

Time Main issues/key messages Main contents
3rd trimester Breastfeeding and/or formula
“Breast is best”
Breastfeeding guidelines; health benefits of breastfeeding and strategies to overcome barriers associated with breastfeeding
1 month Breastfeeding and/or formula
“Breast is best”
“Tummy time is fun”
“No solids for me until 6 months”
Rapid response to women with problems initiating breastfeeding after childbirth, especially women who delivered by caesarean section; advice on establishment of breastfeeding pattern; management of problems; “tummy time” for babies
3 months Breastfeeding and/or formula
Timing of Introduction of solids
“Tummy time is fun”
“No solids for me until 6 months”
Advice on establishment of breastfeeding patterns; management of problems; “tummy time” for babies; introduction of solids after 6 months; encourage mothers going back to work to continue breastfeeding
5 months Timing of Introduction of solids
Tummy time
“No solids for me until 6 months”
Reinforce breastfeeding pattern; management of problems; “tummy time” for babies; introduction of solids from 6 months; encourage mothers going back to work to continue breastfeeding
9 months Food serving size, cup feeding/Introduction of cow’s milk
“Only water in my cup”
Encourage sustained breastfeeding; advice on balanced infant feeding, quantity and variety of fruits and vegetables; encourage active play and motor skills development; avoiding TV viewing, introduce cup feeding
12 months Healthy food choices (no food rewards)/Active Play/TV time
“I eat a variety of fruit and vegetables every day”, “Healthy eating for whole family”
Encourage sustained breastfeeding; advice on balanced infant feeding, quantity and variety of fruits and vegetables; encourage active play and motor skills development; avoiding TV viewing