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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the intervention and reference group

From: Short- and long-term effectiveness of a three-month individualized need-supportive physical activity counseling intervention at the workplace

  Intervention group
(N = 246)
Reference group
(N = 54)
F or χ 2 value
Age, mean (SD) 41.0 (8.8) 42.8 (8.5) 0.810
Gender, % female 76 80 0.257
BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD) 26.5 (4.4) 26.0 (4.4) 0.295
Living situation, % living together 91 96 4.041
Education, % higher/university education 88 84 1.112
SWA-based PA, mean (SD)
Steps (n/day)
 Weekdays 9265.0 (3194.6) 10006.2 (3766.2) 3128
 Weekend days 10092.3 (4181.5) 9597.3 (4506.6) 1.206
 Average days 9501.4 (3088.2) 9889.4 (3478.8) 0.988
Sedentary time (min/day) (≤1.8 MET)
 Weekdays 1049.5 (130.7) 1005.2 (172.9) 4.495*
 Weekend days 1005.8 (147.7) 998.8 (180.5) 1.758
 Average days 1036.5 (118.4) 1003.4 (154.6) 3.385
Light PA (min/day) (>1.8- < 3 MET)
 Weekdays 63.7 (40.9) 72.5 (49.8) 3.998
 Weekend days 93.6 (62.9) 99.8 (63.1) 0.000
 Average days 72.3 (42.2) 81.8 (49.4) 1.797
Moderate PA (min/day) (>3- < 6 MET)
 Weekdays 34.0 (29.0) 44.1 (46.8) 6.493
 Weekend days 52.0 (49.6) 51.2 (66.3) 2.587
 Average days 40.6 (33.5) 46.6 (51.1) 4.757
Vigorous PA (min/day) (≥6 MET)
 Weekdays 1.7 (3.8) 3.1 (6.9) 16.025
 Weekend days 1.4 (4.2) 0.7 (3.6) 3.358
 Average days 1.6 (3.4) 2.4 (5.2) 7.422
MVPA (min/day) (≥3 MET)
 Weekdays 39.2 (34.4) 51.6 (50.8) 5.761*
 Weekend days 57.8 (56.6) 52.7 (67.5) 0.774
 Average days 44.6 (36.3) 52.4 (53.2) 5.936
Self-reported PA, mean (SD)
 Sitting week (min/day) 561.0 (161.0) 508.1 (151.7) 0.003*
 Sitting weekend (min/day) 347.4 (159.7) 300.8 (134.6) 3.105
 Walking (min/day) 106.1 (145.2) 155.4 (180.7) 3.187*
 Moderate PA (min/day) 42.6 (66.8) 47.1 (67.5) 0.353
 Vigorous PA (min/day) 25.2 (43.8) 31.2 (42.9) 0.361
 Total PA (min/day) 191.7 (220.1) 237.0 (205.3) 0.101
Psychological need satisfaction, mean (SD)
 Autonomy 3.1 (0.8) 3.2 (0.9) 1.916
 Competence 2.8 (0.7) 2.8 (0.8) 1.860
 Relatedness 3.0 (1.1) 3.1 (1.0) 0.158
 Total needsa 3.0 (0.7) 3.0 (0.7) 0.735
Exercise-related motivation, mean (SD)
 Amotivation 4.6 (0.5) 4.6 (0.5) 0.144
 Controlled motivationb 2.4 (0.6) 2.3 (0.6) 0.436
 Autonomous motivationc 3.9 (0.6) 4.0 (0.6) 0.377
  1. SWA SenseWear Armband, PA Physical activity, MVPA Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, SD standard deviation
  2. *p < .05
  3. acomposite variable of autonomy, competence and relatedness need satisfaction; b composite variable of external and introjected regulation; ccomposite variable of identified regulation and intrinsic motivation