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Table 3 Factors associated with intimate partner violence against married migrant workers

From: Intimate partner violence against married rural-to-urban migrant workers in eastern China: prevalence, patterns, and associated factors

  Intimate partner violence cOR (95% CI) p aOR (95% CI) p
Yes (n = 770) No (n = 974)
n (%) n (%)
Gender
 Men 379 (49.2) 494 (50.7) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Women 391 (50.8) 480 (49.3) 1.06 (0.88–1.28) 0.53 1.04 (0.84–1.28) 0.74
Age group
 >37 years(first generation) 382 (49.6) 418 (42.9) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 ≤37 years (second generation) 388 (50.4) 556 (57.1) 0.71 (0.58–0.85) 0.00 0.75 (0.58–0.96) 0.02
Education group
 Primary school or lower 78 (10.1) 69 (7.2) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Junior high school 408 (53.0) 538 (55.2) 0.67 (0.47–0.95) 0.03 0.66 (0.46–0.96) 0.03
 Senior high school 177 (23.0) 237 (24.3) 0.66 (0.45–0.96) 0.03 0.58 (0.39–0.88) 0.01
 College 107 (13.9) 130 (13.3) 0.73 (0.48–1.10) 0.13 0.64 (0.40–1.02) 0.06
Region of origin
 North 246 (31.9) 337 (34.6) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 South 524 (68.1) 637 (65.4) 1.13 (0.92–1.38) 0.24 1.24 (0.98–1.54) 0.05
Monthly income (RMB: yuan)
 ≤2500 77 (10.0) 102 (10.5) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 2501–3500 370 (48.1) 476 (48.9) 1.03 (0.74–1.43) 0.86 1.08 (0.77–1.52) 0.66
 >3500 323 (41.9) 396 (40.7) 1.08 (0.78–1.50) 0.65 1.07 (0.76–1.55) 0.66
Duration of migration (years)
 1–6 171 (22.2) 193 (19.8) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 7–12 256 (33.2) 283 (29.1) 1.02 (0.78–1.33) 0.88 0.55 (0.82–1.46) 1.10
 13–20 250 (32.5) 381 (39.1) 0.74 (0.57–0.96) 0.02 0.44 (0.65–1.21) 0.89
 ≥21 93 (12.1) 117 (12.0) 0.89 (0.64–1.26) 0.53 0.47 (0.77–1.76) 1.16
Number of migratory cities
 1–2 446 (57.9) 608 (62.4) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 3–4 260 (33.8) 290 (29.8) 1.22 (0.99–1.50) 0.06 1.17 (0.94–1.45) 0.17
 ≥5 64 (8.3) 76 (7.8) 1.15 (0.81–1.64) 0.45 0.87 (0.59–1.28) 0.48
Marital status
 First marriage 665 (86.4) 869 (89.2) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Remarriage 105 (13.6) 95 (10.8) 1.79 (1.21–2.64) 0.00 1.34 (0.86–2.08) 0.19
Lifestyle with your spouse
 Living together 155 (20.3) 154 (15.9) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Living in separate places 609 (79.7) 816 (84.1) 1.35 (1.05–1.73) 0.02 1.03 (0.79–1.34) 0.85
Marital satisfaction
 Satisfied 563 (73.1) 821 (84.3) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Ok 175 (22.7) 146 (15.0) 1.75 (1.37–2.23) 0.00 1.71 (1.32–2.22) 0.00
 Dissatisfied 32 (4.2) 7 (0.7) 6.67 (2.92–15.21) 0.00 5.59 (2.25–13.89) 0.00
Premarital sex
 No 467 (60.7) 704 (72.3) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Yes 302 (39.3) 270 (27.7) 1.69 (1.38–2.06) 0.00 1.51 (1.21–1.89) 0.00
Extramarital affairs
 No 677 (11.5) 924 (94.9) 1.00 (reference)   1.00 (reference)  
 Yes 88 (11.5) 50 (5.1) 2.40 (1.67–3.45) 0.00 1.84 (1.26–2.71) 0.00